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Cyber Assaults via Microsoft SQL Server Surged by 56 percent in 2022

 

Threat analysts at Kaspersky have identified a surge in the number of assaults that employ Microsoft SQL Server processes to attempt to access company infrastructure. 

Earlier this year in September, more than 3,000 SQL servers, which are employed by organizations and small and medium-sized enterprises across the globe to manage databases, were impacted, which is a surge of 56 percent compared to the same period last year, as per the latest findings from Kaspersky’s Managed Detection and Response Report. 

According to Sergey Soldatov, Head of Security Operations Center at Kaspersky, the number gradually increased during the last year, and in April 2022, the number exceeded 3,000, only to see a slight decrease in July and August. 

“Despite the popularity of Microsoft SQL Server, companies do not pay enough attention to protecting against software-related threats. Attacks using malicious processes on SQL Server have been known for a long time, but perpetrators continue to use them to gain access to company infrastructure,” stated Sergey Soldatov. 

There had been a number recent incidents where Microsoft SQL Servers has been exploited by actors. In April, hackers were identified deploying Cobalt Strike beacons on such devices. News of attacks against MS-SQL has also popped up in May, June, as well as October, this year. 

Normally hackers search the internet for endpoints with an open TCP port 1433, and then conduct brute-force attacks against them, until they guess the password. 

Mitigation tips 

To protect against enterprise-targeted threats, cybersecurity experts recommend the following measures: 

• Always update the software on all the devices you use to prevent attackers from infiltrating your network using vulnerabilities. Install updates for new vulnerabilities immediately, because after that they can no longer be abused. 

• Employ latest information about threats to keep up to date with the tactics, techniques and practices utilized by hackers. 

• Implement an authentic endpoint security solution such as Kaspersky Endpoint Security for organizations which represents effective protection against known and unknown threats. 

• Dedicated services can help combat high-profile attacks. Service Kaspersky Managed Detection and Response can help identify and stop intrusions in the early stages, before the cybercriminals achieve their aims.

SAP Security Patch for July: Six High Priority Notes

The July 2022 patch release from SAP was released in addition to 27 new and updated SAP Security Notes. The most serious of these problems is information disclosure vulnerability CVE-2022-35228 (CVSS score of 8.3) in the BusinessObjects Business Intelligence Platform's central administration console.

Notes for SAP Business One 

The three main areas that are impacted by the current SAP Security Notes are as follows, hence Onapsis Research Labs advises carefully reviewing all the information:
  • In integration cases involving SAP B1 and SAP HANA, with a CVSS score of 7.6(CVE-2022-32249), patches a significant information release vulnerability. The highly privileged hackers take advantage of the vulnerability to access confidential data that could be used to support further exploits.
  • With a CVSS rating of 7.5 (CVE-2022-28771),  resolves a vulnerability with SAP B1's license service API. An unauthorized attacker can disrupt the app and make it inaccessible by sending bogus HTTP requests over the network if there is a missing authentication step.
  • A CVSS score of 7.4(CVE-2022-31593), is the third High Priority note. This notice patches SAP B1 client vulnerability that allowed code injection. An attacker with low privileges can use the vulnerability to manipulate the application's behavior.
On July 20, 2022, SAP announced 17 security notes to fix vulnerabilities of medium severity, the bulk of which affect the NetWeaver Enterprise Portal and Business Objects.

Cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerabilities in the NetWeaver Enterprise Portal were addressed in six security notes that SAP published, each of which had a CVSS score of 6.1. Medium-severity problems in Business Objects are covered by five more security notes.

The SAP July Patch Day illustrates the value of examining all SAP Security Notes prior to applying patches. 

FBI: Business Email Compromise is a $43 Billion Scam

 

The FBI recently announced that the amount of money lost to business email compromise (BEC) scams is increasing each year, with a 65 per cent rise in identified global exposure losses between July 2019 and December 2021.

From June 2016 to July 2019, IC3 received victim complaints about 241,206 domestic and international occurrences, totalling $43,312,749,946 in exposed cash loss. 

The FBI stated, "Based on the financial data reported to the IC3 for 2021, banks located in Thailand and Hong Kong were the primary international destinations of fraudulent funds. China, which ranked in the top two destinations in previous years, ranked third in 2021 followed by Mexico and Singapore." 

This was revealed in a new public service announcement issued on the Internet Crime Complaint Center (IC3) site as an update to a prior PSA dated September 2019, in which the FBI stated victims reported losses to BEC attacks totalling more than $26 billion between June 2016 and July 2019. 

About BEC scams:

BEC scams were the cybercrime type with the highest recorded overall victim losses last year, according to the IC3 2021 Internet Crime Report [PDF]. Based on 19,954 registered complaints relating to BEC attacks against individuals and businesses in 2021, victims reported losses of about $2.4 billion. BEC scammers use a variety of techniques to infiltrate business email accounts, including social engineering, phishing, and hacking, to transfer payments to attacker-controlled bank accounts. 

Small, medium and big enterprises are frequently targeted in this form of scam (also known as EAC or Email Account Compromise). Nonetheless, if the payout is high enough, they will attack individuals. Given that they often imitate someone who has the target's trust, their success rate is also very high. 

However, "the scam is not always associated with a transfer-of-funds request," as the FBI explained in the PSA alert. "One variation involves compromising legitimate business email accounts and requesting employees' Personally Identifiable Information, Wage and Tax Statement (W-2) forms, or even cryptocurrency wallets."

The FBI also offered advice on how to protect yourself from BEC scams:
  • Use secondary channels or two-factor authentication to verify requests for changes in account information.
  • Ensure the URL in emails is associated with the business/individual it claims to be from.
  • Be alert to hyperlinks that may contain misspellings of the actual domain name.
  • Refrain from supplying log-in credentials or PII of any sort via email. Be aware that many emails requesting your personal information may appear to be legitimate.
  • Verify the email address used to send emails, especially when using a mobile or handheld device, by ensuring the sender's address appears to match who it is coming from.
  • Ensure the settings in employees' computers are enabled to allow full email extensions to be viewed.
  • Monitor your personal financial accounts on a regular basis for irregularities, such as missing deposits.