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Showing posts with label malacious. Show all posts

Giant User Theft and Bot Attacks Target on Job Seekers

 

Job seekers are viable targets for social manipulation efforts because applicants are emotionally weak and eager to provide any information to help them win the job. Cybercriminals are finding it easier to find the next victim now the "Great Resignation" is in full armor. 

A job posting portal with a location in six countries was the sufferer in this instance. The goal of the attack was to collect job seeker information from the website. 

Since February 1, experts have seen a 232 percent increase in phishing email attacks imitating LinkedIn, seeking to deceive job seekers into handing up private credentials. The emails contained subject lines including "Searching for a suitable candidate online," "You mentioned in 4 searches this week," and even "You have 1 new message," as per the Egress team. 

The OWASP Foundation classifies web scraping as an operational threat (OAT-011), which is defined as gathering accessible data or processing output from an application. While web scraping walks a delicate line among reporting and data privacy violations, it is still one of the most common automated hacks affecting businesses today, according to Imperva.

Imperva didn't name the company, but it said it received 400 million bot requests from 400,000 network Interfaces over four days in an attempt to harvest all of its job seekers' information. Similar strategies can be employed in "scalping" attacks, which are aimed to purchase in-demand, limited-edition products in order to resell them at a greater price later. Imperva neutralized one such operation on a retailer's website around Black Friday week, which had nine million bot queries in only 15 minutes — 2500 percent above its normal traffic rate.

Several people are accustomed to receiving regular authentic LinkedIn communications – and may unintentionally click without double-checking. Individual users are still responsible for being aware of the data they provide socially and how it can be used to deceive users into clicking a malicious link.

SEGA's Europe Security : AWS S3 Bucket Exposed Provides Steam API Access

 


During a cloud-security assessment, SEGA Europe discovered that critical data was being kept in an unsecured Amazon Web Services (AWS) S3 bucket, and it's sharing the story to encourage other companies to double-check their own systems. VPN Overview researcher Aaron Phillips collaborated with SEGA Europe to protect the leaked data. SEGA's revelation, according to Phillips, is designed to assist the broader cybersecurity community in improving their own defenses.

The unsecured S3 bucket may be used to access user data, including information on thousands of members of the Football Manager forums at community.sigames.com. The following are the issues that have been detected in SEGA Europe's Amazon cloud: 

  • Developer key for Steam 
  • RSA keys are a type of cryptography. 
  • PII and passwords that have been hashed 
  • API key for MailChimp 
  • Credentials for Amazon Web Services 

Sensitive data in hands of a malicious actor could be disastrous for any company, but as Lookout's Hank Schless explained to Threatpost, gaming companies continue to be of particular interest to attackers. To threat actors, gaming firms hold a gold mine of personal data, development information, proprietary code, and payment information. Gaming firms must ensure that their data is protected while consumers from all over the world play their games, thanks to data privacy rules like the CCPA and GDPR.

Indeed, well-known brands like Steam, Among Us, Riot Games, and others have been hacked and utilized to deceive innocent gamers. There is no evidence that malevolent third parties had previously accessed sensitive data or exploited any of the disclosed vulnerabilities, according to the security firm. Researchers were able to upload files, run scripts, edit existing web pages, and change the settings of critically susceptible SEGA domains, according to the researchers. Downloads.sega.com, cdn.sega.com, careers.sega.co.uk, sega.com, and bayonetta.com are among the affected sites. The domain authority scores of several of the afflicted domains are high. 

This cybersecurity research should serve as a wake-up call for enterprises to evaluate their cloud security procedures. The researchers are hoping that more companies follow SEGA's lead in researching and addressing known vulnerabilities before fraudsters use them. There is no evidence that malevolent third parties had previously accessed sensitive data or exploited any of the disclosed vulnerabilities, according to the security firm.

Python Package Index Repository Detected With Multiple Malicious Packages

 

In the PyPI repository for Python projects that transformed workstations developers into crypto mining machines, many malicious packaging were captured this week. 

All malicious packages were uploaded on the very same account and the developers tried to install them by using the wrong names for the genuine Python projects, thousands of times. The Python Package Index is the official third-party 

Python software repository is stylized as PyPI and is also referred to as the Cheese Shop. It's the same as CPAN, Perl's repository. Some package managers, notably pip, use PyPI for packages as the default source. 

In April, a total of six harmful packages were infiltrated with the Python Package Index (PyPI) - maratlib, maratlib1, matplatlib-plus, mllearnlib, mplatlib, learning lab. Everything comes from "nedog123" and also most names are misspelled versions of the genuine plot program matplotlib. The "maratlib" packet was evaluated by Ax Sharma, a security researcher at Sonatype, in a blog post. He said the packages were utilized for other malicious components to make them dependent. 

The researcher writes, “For each of these packages, the malicious code is contained in the setup.py file which is a build script that runs during a package’s installation.” Sharma determined that it was attempting to download a Bash script (aza2.sh) from a non-existent GitHub repository during the analyses. 

The author's aliases were tracked by Sharma on GitHub using open-source intelligence and learned that the script's job was to operate an "Ubqminer" crypto miner on the compromised machine. 

The researcher also observes that the creator of malware altered the standard Kryptex wallet address with his own to mine for Ubiq cryptocurrency (UBQ). The script has another crypto mining program in a separate version, the open-source T-Rex that uses GPU power. 

Attackers routinely target open-source code repositories such as PyPI [1, 2, 3], NPM for NodeJS [1, 2, 3], or RubyGems. Although the detection is minimal when there is are low downloads, as usual, there is a major risk that developers would incorporate the malicious code occasionally utilized in applications.