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Fraudsters Target Kolkatans With Message-Forwarding Software


As online financial transactions became simpler and easier to conduct, the number of fraudulent transactions involving digital financial transactions also increased. Taking advantage of the increased sophistication of the fraudsters does not seem to be a problem. Cybercriminals, especially those inexperienced with financial transactions, have slowly begun using other platforms to dupe naive and gullible people after phishing and lottery scams.

Another way fraudulent activity is being carried out by fraudsters is by sending links via text messages to Kolkatans who are being targeted by them. The links on the website are the ones that notify users that a substantial amount has been credited into the accounts of these players. 

The police said that if one clicks on such a link to claim the money, the entire amount of funds may be transferred from the victim's account to the fraudsters' account and they will not even require them to share any OTP as part of the fraud. 

The UPI platform is used for several fraud types. Neither of these is a result of UPI problems but rather a consequence of deceptions by criminals. 

Analysts call it APK fraud as victims are tricked into downloading APK files that compromise their phones. This is done by clicking links sent by fraudulent parties to download APK files.  

An APK file download will result in an SMS-forwarding application being installed on the device and it will divert all incoming text messages to another number, so the victim isn't alerted when the money is debited from his or her account because the SMS will be forwarded to another number. According to an officer at the Lalbazar cyber cell, an SMS alert isn't received by the victim. 

There is a new method of gaining remote access to the phones of their victims that has become a weapon of choice for fraudsters. According to the officer, the scammers are claiming in their fake message to have received a large amount credited to their gaming account. 

It was reported by the Calcutta Telegraph that some Calcuttans who have been contacted had received messages saying: "Hi 9830xxxxx9 (mobile number of the recipient), The transaction of Rs 96793 has been completed to your (the name of the online gaming app). "

According to the police, victims of fraud never realize how they were cheated because they had never given their personal identification number to anyone else before being duped. 

According to a senior police officer, unlike other fraud attacks that are sent from random phones and do not address the recipient directly, the messages sent as part of the APK scam target specific individuals and are customized to them. 

There was a time when text messages were sent randomly, but that has changed. There is one thing though, the officer said, that makes it look authentic and trustworthy to be sending these messages to someone, and that is the phone number of the person to whom the message is addressed. 

In the immediate aftermath of clicking the link in the message, the recipient will see two attachments appear on his or her screen.

If the first attachment is clicked, a screen-sharing application will be silently installed on the phone and will allow fraudsters to gain direct access to the phone. A second attachment, if clicked, triggers the installation of an SMS forwarding product in the person's phone so that if fraudsters are using this software to carry out transactions on our bank account, the person will not receive any text messages from their bank, the officer explained.

According to Assistant Commissioner Atul V., their top priority area is creating awareness among their officers about the APK fraud, which has been a major problem for some time. 

Moreover, a cyber expert told that the APK fraud program is designed to make it difficult for the police to track down the fraudsters through the link in the message if a victim reports such a matter to the authorities. This is because the link in the message is active for a short period. 

Several people have been scammed in this way by sending text messages with spurious links. The sender then asks them to click on the link. A browser on the computer after a certain period will only be redirected to a popular search engine if you click on the link after that time. This means that the links remain active for only a few hours, if that long, then even the law-enforcement agencies will have no way to track the APK files or the transactions that have taken place after that explained a cyber expert in Kolkata.

Safeguarding Your Data: 10 Best Practices to Prevent a Data Breach


Data breaches have become a significant concern for organizations and individuals alike, as cyber threats continue to evolve in complexity and scale. The consequences of a data breach can be severe, ranging from financial loss and reputational damage to legal implications. It is crucial for businesses to implement robust preventive measures to protect their valuable data and maintain customer trust. Here are some best practices and tactics to prevent a data breach.
  1. Develop a comprehensive security strategy: Establish a well-defined security plan that includes policies, procedures, and guidelines for data protection. Regularly review and update this strategy to adapt to evolving threats.
  2. Educate and train employees: Human error is a leading cause of data breaches. Conduct regular training sessions to educate employees on data security practices, such as strong password management, recognizing phishing attempts, and handling sensitive data appropriately.
  3. Implement strong access controls: Limit access to sensitive data and ensure that access rights are granted based on a need-to-know basis. Regularly review and update user permissions as employees change roles or leave the organization.
  4. Encrypt sensitive data: Utilize encryption techniques to protect data both at rest and in transit. Encryption adds an extra layer of security, making it difficult for unauthorized individuals to access and interpret the data.
  5. Regularly patch and update systems: Keep all software, operating systems, and applications up to date with the latest security patches. Vulnerabilities in outdated software can be exploited by attackers to gain unauthorized access.
  6. Use multi-factor authentication (MFA): Implement MFA for accessing critical systems and sensitive data. MFA adds an extra layer of authentication, making it harder for attackers to gain unauthorized access even if passwords are compromised.
  7. Conduct regular security assessments: Perform comprehensive security assessments, including vulnerability scans and penetration testing, to identify potential weaknesses and address them proactively.
  8. Implement data backup and recovery procedures: Regularly back up critical data and test the restoration process. In the event of a breach, having reliable backups can help restore systems and minimize downtime.
  9. Monitor network and system activity: Employ intrusion detection and prevention systems, as well as log monitoring and analysis tools, to identify and respond to suspicious activity promptly.
  10. Establish an incident response plan: Develop a well-defined incident response plan that outlines the steps to be taken in the event of a data breach. This plan should include communication strategies, containment measures, and coordination with relevant stakeholders.
By following these best practices, organizations can significantly reduce the risk of a data breach and protect sensitive information. However, it's essential to stay informed about emerging threats, industry best practices, and regulatory requirements to ensure ongoing data security. Remember, prevention is key when it comes to data breaches, and a proactive approach can save you from costly and damaging repercussions.

FBI Warns of Hackers Exploiting Public Charging Stations to Steal iPhone Data

The FBI has issued a warning about a new threat targeting iPhone users - hackers using public charging stations to steal personal data. As the popularity of public charging stations continues to grow, so does the risk of falling victim to this type of cyber attack.

The technique, known as 'juice jacking,' involves hackers installing malicious software on charging stations or using counterfeit charging cables to gain access to users' iPhones. Once connected, these compromised stations or cables can transfer data, including contacts, photos, and passwords, without the user's knowledge.

The FBI's warning comes as a reminder that convenience should not outweigh security. While it may be tempting to plug your iPhone into any available charging port, it is essential to exercise caution and take steps to protect your personal information.

To safeguard against juice jacking attacks, the FBI and other cybersecurity experts offer several recommendations. First and foremost, it is advisable to avoid using public charging stations altogether. Instead, rely on your personal charger or invest in portable power banks to ensure your device remains secure.

If using public charging stations is unavoidable, there are additional precautions you can take. One option is to use a USB data blocker, commonly known as a 'USB condom,' which blocks data transfer while allowing the device to charge. These inexpensive devices act as a protective barrier against any potential data compromise.

It is also crucial to keep your iPhone's operating system and applications up to date. Regularly installing updates ensures that your device has the latest security patches and protections against known vulnerabilities.

Furthermore, using strong, unique passcodes or biometric authentication methods, such as Face ID or Touch ID, adds an extra layer of security to your device. Additionally, enabling two-factor authentication for your Apple ID and regularly monitoring your device for any suspicious activity are proactive steps to safeguard your data.

The FBI's warning serves as a timely reminder of the evolving threats in the digital landscape. As technology advances, so do the tactics employed by hackers. Staying informed and adopting best practices for cybersecurity is essential to protect personal information from unauthorized access.

The FBI's warning emphasizes the possible dangers of using public charging stations as well as the significance of taking safeguards to safeguard iPhone data. Users can lessen their risk of becoming a victim of juice jacking attacks and maintain the confidentiality of their personal information by exercising caution and adhering to suggested security measures.

Tackling the Top Initial Attack Vectors in Ransomware Campaigns

Ransomware attacks remain a major concern for organizations worldwide, causing significant financial losses and operational disruptions. A recent report by Kaspersky sheds light on the primary attack vectors used in ransomware campaigns, highlighting the importance of addressing these vulnerabilities to mitigate the risk of an attack.

According to the report, three common initial attack vectors account for the majority of ransomware campaigns: phishing emails, vulnerable remote access services, and software vulnerabilities. These vectors serve as entry points for threat actors to gain unauthorized access to systems and initiate ransomware attacks.

Phishing emails remain one of the most prevalent methods used by attackers to distribute ransomware. These emails often employ social engineering techniques to deceive users into opening malicious attachments or clicking on malicious links, leading to the execution of ransomware on their devices. It is crucial for organizations to educate employees about recognizing and avoiding phishing attempts and to implement robust email security measures to filter out such malicious emails.

Vulnerable remote access services pose another significant risk. Attackers target exposed Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) and Virtual Private Network (VPN) services, exploiting weak or compromised credentials to gain unauthorized access to networks. Organizations should implement strong authentication mechanisms, enforce secure password practices, and regularly update and patch their remote access solutions to mitigate this risk.

Software vulnerabilities also play a crucial role in enabling ransomware attacks. Threat actors exploit known vulnerabilities in operating systems, applications, or plugins to gain a foothold in networks and deploy ransomware. It is essential for organizations to establish a comprehensive patch management process, promptly applying security updates and patches to address known vulnerabilities.

To effectively combat ransomware campaigns, organizations should adopt a multi-layered security approach. This includes implementing strong perimeter defenses, such as firewalls and intrusion detection systems, to detect and block malicious traffic. Endpoint protection solutions that utilize advanced threat detection and prevention mechanisms are also critical in identifying and mitigating ransomware threats.

Regular backups of critical data are essential to recovering from ransomware attacks without paying the ransom. Organizations should ensure that backups are stored securely, offline, and tested regularly to verify their integrity and effectiveness in restoring data.

Reducing the risk of ransomware attacks requires addressing the three primary attack vectors: phishing emails, weak remote access services, and software flaws. Businesses may fortify their defenses and lessen the effects of ransomware events by implementing strong security measures, employee education, timely patching, and backup procedures.

XWorm Malware Exploits Critical Follina Vulnerability in New Attacks

Security researchers have identified a new wave of attacks using the XWorm malware that exploits the Follina vulnerability. XWorm is a remote access trojan (RAT) that has been previously linked to state-sponsored Chinese hacking groups. The Follina vulnerability is a critical vulnerability in Microsoft Windows systems that was first disclosed in 2022.

The XWorm malware uses Follina to spread across networks and exfiltrate sensitive information. The malware can also open a backdoor to allow attackers to gain remote access to compromised systems. The attacks have been observed targeting a range of organizations in different sectors, including finance, healthcare, and government.

According to security experts, the XWorm malware is particularly dangerous because it can bypass traditional security measures. The malware can evade detection by anti-virus software and firewalls, making it difficult to detect and remove. Moreover, the Follina vulnerability is easily exploitable, and attackers can use it to gain access to vulnerable systems with minimal effort.

The XWorm malware is usually delivered through phishing emails or through exploit kits. Once a user clicks on a malicious link or opens a malicious attachment, the malware is installed on the victim's system. The malware then establishes communication with a command and control (C&C) server, allowing attackers to remotely control the infected machine.

To protect against the XWorm malware, security experts recommend that organizations apply the latest security patches and updates to their operating systems. They also advise users to be cautious when opening emails and attachments from unknown sources. Additionally, organizations should implement multi-factor authentication, network segmentation, and strong password policies to reduce the risk of unauthorized access.

The XWorm malware is a potent threat that exploits the Follina vulnerability to spread across networks and steal sensitive data. Organizations need to remain vigilant and take appropriate measures to protect their systems and data from such attacks.

Enterprise Targeted by Akira Ransomware's Extortion Techniques

A new ransomware operation called Akira has been found targeting enterprise organizations. According to reports, Akira ransomware is a relatively new strain that is used in targeted attacks and is designed to infiltrate enterprise networks.

The ransomware is primarily distributed through phishing emails that contain a malicious attachment or a link that, when clicked, will download the malware onto the victim’s computer. Once inside the network, the ransomware is capable of moving laterally and infecting other machines, encrypting all the files it can access.

The attackers behind Akira ransomware are known for using double extortion tactics. After encrypting the victim’s files, they threaten to publish the stolen data on the dark web if the ransom is not paid. This tactic adds another layer of pressure to the already stressed-out victims.

Akira ransomware has already caused significant damage, targeting various companies across the world, including a Taiwanese mobile phone manufacturer, a Canadian software development company, and an American e-commerce firm.

Experts warn that this ransomware is particularly dangerous for companies that have weak cybersecurity protocols and are not regularly updating their software. The attackers behind Akira ransomware are always looking for vulnerabilities to exploit, and companies with outdated software are easy targets.

To prevent becoming a victim of Akira ransomware, companies are advised to update their software regularly, use strong passwords, implement multi-factor authentication, and train employees on how to identify and avoid phishing emails.

The rise of Akira ransomware is yet another reminder of the importance of cybersecurity. With cyber threats becoming increasingly sophisticated, it is essential for organizations to take the necessary precautions to protect their valuable data and networks from cybercriminals.

Russian Hackers use WinRAR as Cyberweapon

Russian hackers are known for their notorious cyber-attacks. They have once again been accused of using a popular file compression software, WinRAR, to launch an attack on a state agency in Ukraine. The attack wiped out the agency’s data, resulting in the loss of important information.

According to reports, the hackers used a malicious version of WinRAR that contained a Trojan horse to infiltrate the agency’s system. Once the software was installed, the Trojan horse allowed the hackers to access sensitive data and execute commands remotely.

It’s not the first time Russian hackers have been accused of using WinRAR as a cyberweapon. In 2018, the group was found to be using a similar tactic to launch a cyber attack on a Ukrainian company.

The incident highlights the growing threat of cyber attacks and the importance of having strong security measures in place. Businesses and organizations need to ensure that they are taking steps to protect their systems from such attacks.

One of the key measures that can be taken is to ensure that all software is updated regularly, as this can help to patch any vulnerabilities that may be present. Additionally, organizations should have a robust backup and disaster recovery plan in place to ensure that they can recover from an attack quickly and with minimal disruption.

It’s also important for organizations to have an incident response plan in place to ensure that they can quickly and effectively respond to a cyber attack. This should include identifying and containing the attack, notifying relevant stakeholders, and taking steps to prevent the attack from spreading further.

As cyber-attacks become increasingly common and sophisticated, it’s important for organizations to take steps to protect their systems and data. By implementing strong security measures and being prepared for the worst-case scenario, businesses can reduce their risk of falling victim to an attack and minimize the impact if it does occur.

Constellation Software Cyberattack Claimed by ALPHV


According to the ALPHV/BlackCat ransomware group's claims, Constellation Software's network was compromised as a result of a cyberattack, it was also mentioned in the recent posting on the ransomware gang's leak site. Essen Medical Associates, as well as a Canadian software company, were victimized by the ransomware gang. 

A statement by Constellation Software Inc., a Toronto-based company, revealed that on Wednesday, it had been affected by a cyber-security incident that affected only one of its IT infrastructure systems. 

As a result, some limited personal information was affected by this incident. Additionally, Constellation's businesses also impacted a limited number of business partners. Rather than directly contacting these individuals or business partners, Constellation's operating groups and businesses will now contact them.  

Those who had their data compromised and those who have business associates in the affected area have also been contacted for further information. 

A small number of individuals had their private information compromised in the incident. Some data belonged to a small number of business partners of various Constellation businesses that were potentially affected. 

The constellation software company is composed of six divisions dedicated to acquiring, managing, and growing software companies. These divisions are Volaris, Harris, Jonas, Vela Software, Perseus Group, and Topics. 

As a Canadian company that employs over 25,000 people in North America, Europe, Australia, South America, and Africa, and generates $4 billion in revenue every year, Vanguard has a global presence. It has also acquired more than 500 companies in the software industry since 1995 and provides services to more than 125,000 customers in more than 100 countries. 

According to Constellation, the incident involved a small number of systems involved in internal financial reports and data storage related to them. There was a requirement for Constellation's operating groups and businesses to comply with this. There was no impact on the operations and businesses of Constellation's autonomous IT systems that were within its control. In addition, the company's business operations have not been adversely affected by the incident. 

Listed on ALPHV/BlackCat's leak site was the list of attachments the ransomware group had gathered from two data breaches that had been compromised. 

Following the Essen Medical Associates cyberattack, 24 attachments were breached as a result, although 25 attachments were breached following the Constellation Software cyberattack.   

Statement from the company regarding the cyberattack on Constellation Software 

As a result of the ALPHV/BlackCat leak site post released shortly after the announcement of the cyberattack, Constellation Software issued a press release confirming the attack. On April 3, a limited number of the company's IT systems were compromised due to a cyber incident reported by the company. 

It is understood that only a few business and operating groups within the organization utilize the organization's financial reporting and data storage systems. These groups provide internal financial reporting to the organization.   

Constellation's independent IT systems are not impacted by this incident in any shape or form, so it is not an issue with any of its operating groups or businesses. According to the press release issued, Constellation's business operations have not been impacted by the incident.   

ALPHV has already leaked some documents containing business information online to prove they were accessing and exfiltrating files from Constellation's network. This information can be found in the documents they leaked.  

In November 2021, the DarkSide/BlackMatter gang launched a ransomware operation that has been hacked to get the keys to the country. This was believed to be a rebranding of them. First becoming aware of the group as DarkSide, they attacked the Colonial Pipeline in 2012 and immediately found themselves in the crosshairs of international law enforcement. 

As a result of the servers being seized in November, they were forced to shut down operations one month later in July 2021. This was even though they rebranded themselves as BlackMatter one month later. The Emsisoft decryptor exploits a vulnerability in ransomware to exploit a weakness in the encryption algorithm.   

To demonstrate the access that ALPHV gained and the exfiltration of files from Constellation's network, ALPHV has already posted many documents online that contain business information about Constellation. 

A lot of people are currently aware of the ALPHV group as one of the biggest ransomware threats threatening corporations all around the globe. It was also named as the most likely attacker by the FBI in April, after they hacked over 60 companies between November 2021 and March 2022 as part of a ransomware operation. According to the FBI, ALPHV has "extensive networks and extensive experience with ransomware operations."

Global Ransomware Attack Targets VMware ESXi Servers

Cybersecurity firms around the world have recently warned of an increase in cyberattacks, particularly those targeting corporate banking clients and computer servers. The Italian National Cybersecurity Agency (ACN) recently reported a global ransomware hacking campaign that targeted VMware ESXi servers, urging organisations to take action to protect their systems.

In addition, Italian cybersecurity firm Cleafy researchers Federico Valentini and Alessandro Strino reported an ongoing financial fraud campaign since at least 2019 that leverages a new web-inject toolkit called drIBAN. The main goal of drIBAN fraud operations is to infect Windows workstations inside corporate environments, altering legitimate banking transfers performed by the victims and transferring money to an illegitimate bank account.

These accounts are either controlled by the threat actors or their affiliates, who are then tasked with laundering the stolen funds. The fraudulent transactions are often realized by means of a technique called Automated Transfer System (ATS) that's capable of bypassing anti-fraud systems put in place by banks and initiating unauthorized wire transfers from a victim's own computer.

The operators behind drIBAN have become more adept at avoiding detection and developing effective social engineering strategies, in addition to establishing a foothold for long periods in corporate bank networks. Furthermore, there are indications that the activity cluster overlaps with a 2018 campaign mounted by an actor tracked by Proofpoint as TA554 targeting users in Canada, Italy, and the U.K.

Organisations need to be aware of these threats and take immediate action to protect their systems from cyberattacks. The ACN has reported that dozens of Italian organisations have been likely affected by the global ransomware attack and many more have been warned to take action to avoid being locked out of their systems.

SLP Vulnerability Exposes Devices to Powerful DDoS Attacks

Security researchers have recently discovered a new vulnerability that has the potential to launch devastating Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks. The Server Message Block (SMB) protocol, which is widely used in various devices and systems, including Windows machines and some network-attached storage devices, contains the SLP vulnerability. Attackers can exploit this vulnerability to send specially crafted SMB packets that force the target device to allocate excessive memory or processing power to the request, ultimately causing a crash or downtime.

The SLP vulnerability is particularly dangerous because it enables attackers to amplify the impact of their DDoS attacks by up to 2200 times more than previous methods. This increased power can overwhelm the target’s defenses and cause lasting damage. Unfortunately, there is no straightforward solution for this vulnerability as it is deeply embedded in the SMB protocol and affects various devices and systems. However, organizations can take some steps to mitigate the risk of attack, such as implementing access controls, and firewalls, and monitoring their networks for any suspicious SMB activity.

The discovery of the SLP vulnerability highlights the need for robust cybersecurity measures and constant vigilance against evolving threats. As attackers develop new tactics and exploit new vulnerabilities, organizations must stay ahead of the curve and protect their networks and systems from harm.

The SLP vulnerability is a significant concern for organizations that use SMB protocol, as it exposes them to potential DDoS attacks. The impact of these attacks can be devastating and long-lasting, highlighting the need for constant vigilance and strong cybersecurity measures. Organizations must take proactive steps to monitor their networks, implement access controls, and limit the exposure of SMB services to the internet to mitigate the attack risk. The discovery of the SLP vulnerability underscores the critical importance of staying ahead of the curve in cybersecurity and constantly adapting to new threats.

Chinese APT Group Hijacks Software Updates for Malware Delivery

An advanced persistent threat (APT) group from China, known as Evasive Panda, has been discovered to be hijacking legitimate software update channels of Chinese-developed applications to deliver custom malware to individuals in China and Nigeria for cyber-espionage purposes. Researchers from Eset discovered that when performing automated updates, a legitimate application software component downloaded MgBot backdoor installers from legitimate URLs and IP addresses. The modular malware allows Evasive Panda to spy on victims and enhance its capabilities on the go.

The APT group's activity was fairly easy to attribute to Evasive Panda as researchers have never observed any other threat actors using the MgBot backdoor. The attacks have been ongoing for two years, and the primary goal is to steal credentials and data for espionage purposes. This is another example of state-sponsored actors' increasing sophistication and persistence in cyberspace.

Using legitimate software update channels is a clever technique employed by the group to avoid detection by traditional security measures. Once the malware is delivered through the update, it can operate in the background undetected, and the APT group can exfiltrate sensitive information from the victim's device.

This discovery highlights the importance of maintaining a secure software supply chain and the need for constant vigilance in monitoring the activity of state-sponsored threat actors. Organizations and individuals should always keep their software up to date, maintain robust security measures, and be wary of any suspicious activity or unexpected system changes.

The Eset researchers noted that the MgBot malware has been specifically customized for each victim, suggesting a high degree of sophistication and customization by the APT group. This type of advanced malware is difficult to detect and defend against, making it imperative for individuals and organizations to be proactive in their cybersecurity measures.

Google Takes Down Cryptbot Malware Infrastructure

Google has taken down the infrastructure and distribution network linked to the Cryptbot info stealer, a malware that was being used to infect Google Chrome users and steal their data. The move comes after the tech giant filed a lawsuit against those using the malware to carry out illegal activities.

Cryptbot is a type of malware that steals sensitive information from infected devices, including usernames, passwords, and credit card details. The malware is typically spread through phishing emails and malicious websites, and can be difficult to detect and remove once it has infected a device.

Google's lawsuit targets the infrastructure and distribution network behind the Cryptbot malware, with the aim of disrupting its operations and reducing the number of victims. By taking down the infrastructure, Google hopes to make it harder for cybercriminals to distribute the malware and infect new devices.

The move is part of Google's ongoing efforts to protect its users from cyber threats and keep its platform safe and secure. In recent years, the company has invested heavily in developing advanced security measures to detect and prevent malware and other malicious activities.

However, cybercriminals are constantly evolving their tactics and finding new ways to exploit vulnerabilities in systems and software. This means that companies like Google need to stay vigilant and proactive in their efforts to protect their users.

In addition to taking down the Cryptbot infrastructure, Google is also urging Chrome users to take steps to protect themselves from malware and other cyber threats. This includes keeping their software up to date, using strong and unique passwords, and being wary of suspicious emails and websites.

Google's efforts to disrupt the Cryptbot malware operation are an important step in the fight against cybercrime. By targeting the infrastructure and distribution network behind the malware, the company is helping to reduce the number of victims and make the internet a safer place for everyone.

Deepfake Apps Remain Popular in China Despite Crackdown

The Chinese government has recently launched a crackdown on deepfakes, a type of synthetic media that involves manipulating images, videos, or audio to make them appear to be real. Despite these efforts, however, several Chinese apps that utilize deepfakes are finding a large audience in the country.

Deepfakes have become a significant concern in recent years due to their potential to spread misinformation and manipulate public opinion. Cybersecurity experts warn that deepfakes can be used for nefarious purposes such as identity theft, fraud, and even political propaganda.

China's new laws aim to prevent the spread of false information and improve cybersecurity. However, the government's efforts have not deterred developers from creating deepfake apps that remain popular among Chinese consumers. These apps allow users to create deepfake videos and images with ease, making it possible to manipulate content in ways that were previously impossible.

While these apps are designed to be entertaining and harmless, they can pose significant risks to personal privacy and security. Deepfake technology is becoming increasingly advanced, and it is becoming more difficult to distinguish between real and fake content.

To protect themselves, users should exercise caution when using deepfake apps and be aware of the potential risks. They should also ensure that they are downloading apps from reputable sources and regularly update their devices to the latest software version to mitigate any vulnerabilities.

The proliferation of deepfake apps highlights the importance of continued vigilance in the fight against cyber threats. Governments, organizations, and individuals must work together to stay ahead of evolving threats and take steps to mitigate risks.

China's crackdown on deepfakes has not stopped the popularity of deepfake apps in the country. Cybersecurity experts warn that these apps can pose significant risks to personal privacy and security, and users should exercise caution when using them. The continued proliferation of deepfakes emphasizes the importance of continued vigilance in the fight against cyber threats.

Auditing Algorithms for Responsible AI


As artificial intelligence (AI) systems continue to advance, the need for responsible AI has become increasingly important. The latest iteration of the GPT series, GPT-4, is expected to be even more powerful than its predecessor, GPT-3, and this has raised concerns about the potential risks of AI beyond human control.

One solution to address these concerns is algorithm auditing. This involves reviewing and testing the algorithms used in AI systems to ensure they are operating as intended and not producing unintended consequences. This approach is particularly relevant for large-scale AI systems like GPT-4, which could have a significant impact on society.

The use of algorithm auditing can help to identify potential vulnerabilities in AI systems, such as bias or discrimination, and enable developers to take corrective actions. It can also help to build trust among users and stakeholders by demonstrating that AI is being developed and deployed in a responsible manner.

However, algorithm auditing is not without its challenges. As AI systems become more complex and sophisticated, it can be difficult to identify all potential risks and unintended consequences. Moreover, auditing can be time-consuming and expensive, which can be a barrier for small companies or startups.

Despite these challenges, the importance of responsible AI cannot be overstated. The potential impact of AI on society is vast, and it is crucial that AI systems are developed and deployed in a way that is ethical and beneficial to all. Algorithm auditing is one step in this process, but it is not the only solution. Other approaches, such as the development of explainable AI, are also necessary to ensure that AI systems are transparent and understandable to all.

The creation of AI systems like GPT-4 marks a crucial turning point for the discipline. However to reduce these dangers, ethical AI methods like algorithm audits must be used, as well as thorough consideration of the potential risks of such systems. We can make sure AI serves society and does not cause harm by approaching AI development in a proactive and responsible manner.

Firmware Caution Advises MSI Cyberattack


Aside from gaming hardware manufacturers, modern corporations face constant attacks from malicious hackers and other digital no-goodniks. Corporations are not the only ones attacked by malicious hackers. MSI confirmed to its customers it had been attacked. 

MSI has enumerated its responsibility for how much damage has been caused. As a result, the company threatened to release proprietary software and source code. It has been reported that the Taiwanese computer manufacturer MSI (short for Micro-Star International)'s network has been compromised in a cyberattack. 

As reported earlier this week, a ransomware group has infiltrated MSI systems with the help of the Money Message ransomware attack. Unless the company pays a $4 million ransom fee to the hackers, well-protected corporate data will be released online next week. 

Asus advises all of its customers to ensure the latest BIOS and firmware updates are delivered only to the MSI website and not from anywhere else.

As expected, there are not many details, but it seems that MSI initiated "defense mechanisms and recovery measures" after detecting network anomalies and then notified law enforcement and the government. 

Earlier this week, in a filing with Taiwan's Stock Exchange (TWSE), first spotted by PCMag, MSI revealed that a cyberattack had occurred against some of its information service systems. The terrorist attack has been reported to the appropriate authorities. 

This group of criminals is demanding a $4 million ransom to avert the release of the entire data cache available on the web by the criminals. Although MSI does not specify details, the company warns customers not to download BIOS/UEFI files or firmware from any source other than the company's website. In light of this, it appears that compromised software is a current problem in the wild. 

It has been reported yesterday that there has been a cyberattack against the customer. The report stated that the attacker, a ransomware group called Money Message, has claimed to have stolen source code, a framework for developing bios and private keys. 

Moreover, the chat logs on this site showed that the group claimed to have stolen 1.5 TB of data. They wanted a ransom payment of over four million dollars for the stolen data. Whether these are connected or if MSI paid a ransom for these files is unclear. 

In a report, MSI representatives said that the company regained normal operations after restoring its systems. They have seen a minimal impact of the attack on their day-to-day operations. As long as customers exercise the usual level of due diligence when downloading software, drivers, and updates, they should not have too much to worry about if the company is telling the truth. According to rumors, this hack is unrelated to fraudulent emails in February. These emails purported to offer lucrative sponsorship deals to content creators through MSI.

In addition, MSI advises its customers to stick to the official MSI website exclusively for BIOS and firmware updates. This is preferable to downloading from unreliable sources like unknown websites or torrent download sites. If users search for unofficial - yet perfectly safe - firmware dumps on the internet for their devices, it would be rather pointless for them to look for modified or unofficial firmware dumps that are perfectly safe.

Nexx Garage Door Cyber Vulnerabilities: Risks in Smart Home Security

Smart home devices have become increasingly popular in recent years, promising convenience, efficiency, and security. However, recent cyber security vulnerabilities in the Nexx Garage Door Opener have highlighted the risks of relying too heavily on technology without considering the potential consequences.

The Nexx Garage Door Opener is a smart home device that allows homeowners to open and close their garage doors remotely using their smartphones. However, security researchers have discovered that the device is vulnerable to hacking, allowing unauthorized access to the garage and potentially the entire home network.

According to a report by Bleeping Computer, hackers can easily exploit the vulnerabilities in the device's software and gain access to the device's firmware, allowing them to take control of the device remotely. There is currently no fix for this vulnerability, leaving homeowners vulnerable to potential cyber-attacks.

This is not the first time the Nexx Garage Door Opener has been found to be vulnerable to cyber-attacks. In 2019, security researchers discovered that the device was susceptible to a brute force attack, allowing hackers to access the garage door opener by guessing the password. The manufacturer released a patch to fix the vulnerability, but the recent discovery of the new vulnerability suggests that more work needs to be done to improve the security of smart home devices.

The vulnerability in the Nexx Garage Door Opener is just one example of the risks associated with smart home devices. As more and more devices are connected to the internet, the risk of cyber-attacks increases. The Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) has issued an advisory warning about the vulnerability and urged users to take immediate action to secure their devices.

In light of these vulnerabilities, it is crucial for homeowners to take a proactive approach to smart home security. This includes choosing devices from reputable manufacturers, keeping software and firmware up to date, and regularly changing passwords. Additionally, it is essential to monitor devices for any suspicious activity and be aware of the potential risks associated with using smart home devices.

In conclusion, the Nexx Garage Door Opener cyber vulnerabilities are a stark reminder of the importance of cyber security in smart homes. While the convenience and efficiency of smart home devices are appealing, it is essential to take precautions to protect against potential cyber-attacks. Homeowners must be proactive in their approach to smart home security, and manufacturers must take responsibility for improving the security of their devices.

Malicious Attacks Use Log4j Bugs


An increasingly popular form of fraud that utilizes legitimate proxyware services to hijack legitimate ones has been identified by threat actors. Some services allow people to sell Internet bandwidth to third parties to make extra money. According to researchers from Sysdig Threat Research Team (TRT), large-scale attacks exploiting cloud-based systems can bring cybercriminals hundreds of thousands of dollars of passive income per month by exploiting this vector - dubbed "proxy jacking" - that is used by attackers to obtain access to the server. 

Many companies now charge customers a fee for using a different Internet Protocol (IP) address when watching YouTube videos that aren’t available in their region, scraping and surfing the web without attribution, or browsing dubious websites without attribution of their IP address. This kind of service can be found in dozens of companies now. 

As part of the proxyware ecosystem, you can find legitimate businesses overseas selling it as proxyware. These businesses include IPRoyal, Honeygain, and Peer2Profit. The concept has, as expected, also attracted the attention of cybercriminals, and its potential can also be exploited. 

As proxyware services have grown and become popular in recent years, proxy jacking has become an increasingly prevalent phenomenon brought about by this growing use. Proxyware services offer legitimate and non-malicious applications or software that can be installed on any internet-connected device as long as it is not connected to malicious websites or programs. 

When you run this program, you share your internet bandwidth with others when the program is asked to share an IP address with you. 

Sysdig says proxy hacking could even be as lucrative and easier to commit as it is less computationally demanding and energy-consuming than actual hacking because it uses less energy. 

This report claims that an attacker sold the victim's IP addresses to proxyware services for profit to profit from the attack. There is a method known as proxy jacking. This is where a threat actor installs proxyware on an unsuspecting victim's computer to segment their network. The goal here is to resell bandwidth to compromised devices for a price of $10 per month, allowing the operation to be profitable. Victims are consequently exposed to higher costs and risks than they would otherwise be. 

IP addresses can also be abused to commit crimes in a variety of ways, including as a means to steal personal information. The Cisco Talos Intelligence Group and AhnLab Security researchers have identified that in recent years attacks have been perpetrated where, without a person's knowledge, the IP address of their device has been permanently changed and infected adware has been used to secretly take over the device. Neither company isolated the practice from crypto mining, which involves hacking into compromised systems and mining cryptocurrency. 

Log4j vulnerability was discovered by Chinese researchers in December 2021, and reported by many news outlets. In response to the issue, governments and businesses around the globe launched a global initiative designed to address it. Cybercriminals still exploit this bug to gain access to sensitive information. It has been reported that millions of computers still run vulnerable versions of Log4j based on data from the security company Censys. Various data can be recorded and stored with this software, depending on the service and device being used. 

Even though other attacks have been seen in proxy jacking incidents, researchers believe that the Log4j vulnerability appears to be the most popular method of attack. 

Mike Parkin, director of Vulcan Cyber's security operations, said in an interview that if Log4j's "long tail" is anything to go by, then it will take a while before the number of vulnerable systems will just disappear altogether. 

As per Sysdig's identification of the case, hackers exploited the Kubernetes infrastructure by exploiting the services it offers. Kubernetes container orchestration system is an open-source system for orchestrating software container deployment. Specifically, the hackers exploited a vulnerability in Apache Solr. This vulnerability, if not patched, makes it possible for them to take control of the container and execute a proxy jacking attack on the container. 

It is estimated that the amount of money an attacker can net from crypto-jacking and proxy jacking will be about the same each month - proxy jacking is even likely to be more lucrative today given the current crypto-exchange rates and proxyware payment schedules. 

There is, however, no doubt that most monitoring software will use CPU usage (and it's for very good reason) as one of their first (and most important) metrics. Proxy jacking has minimal system impact. A single gigabyte of traffic spread across a month would be the equivalent of tens of megabytes a day - very unlikely to make a noticeable impact. 

You should remember that the IP address market can often lead to other problems. Several researchers have suggested that it is still possible for your internet bandwidth to be misused or stolen if you sell it knowingly to a proxyware service, according to Sysdig's and other researchers' findings. 

As easy as purchasing and using your shared internet, an attacker can do the same to launch an attack against you. Researchers from Sysdig explained how malicious attackers employ proxy servers to conceal command, control activities, and identify information.

Supply Chain Attack Targets 3CX App: What You Need to Know

A recently discovered supply chain attack has targeted the 3CX desktop app, compromising the security of thousands of users. According to reports, the attackers exploited a 10-year-old Windows bug that had an opt-in fix to gain access to the 3CX software.

The attack was first reported by Bleeping Computer, which noted that the malware had been distributed through an update to the 3CX app. The malware allowed the attackers to steal sensitive data and execute arbitrary code on the affected systems.

As The Hacker News reported, the attack was highly targeted, with the attackers seeking to compromise specific organizations. The attack has been linked to the APT27 group, which is believed to have links to the Chinese government.

The 3CX app is widely used by businesses and organizations for VoIP communication, and the attack has raised concerns about the security of supply chains. As a TechTarget article pointed out, "Supply chain attacks have become a go-to tactic for cybercriminals seeking to gain access to highly secured environments."

The attack on the 3CX app serves as a reminder of the importance of supply chain security. As a cybersecurity expert, Dr. Kevin Curran noted, "Organizations must vet their suppliers and ensure that they are following secure coding practices."

The incident also highlights the importance of patch management, as the 10-year-old Windows bug exploited by the attackers had an opt-in fix. In this regard, Dr. Curran emphasized, "Organizations must ensure that all software and systems are regularly updated and patched to prevent known vulnerabilities from being exploited."

The supply chain attack on the 3CX app, in conclusion, serves as a clear reminder of the importance of strong supply chain security and efficient patch management. Organizations must be cautious and take preventive action to safeguard their systems and data as the possibility of supply chain assaults increases.

NullMixer Campaign: A Threat to Cybersecurity

A new cybersecurity threat has recently emerged in the form of the NullMixer campaign, which is causing concern among experts. The campaign has been found to distribute new polymorphic loaders, a type of malware that poses a significant threat to cybersecurity. This malware has already targeted thousands of endpoints in various countries, including France and Italy, and is constantly evolving to become more advanced and sophisticated.

Bitdefender, a leading cybersecurity company, has been monitoring the NullMixer campaign closely. They report that the malware has evolved over time, becoming more advanced and sophisticated. The new polymorphic loaders have shifted the focus of the malware to Italian and French endpoints, indicating a targeted attack. 

According to Bitdefender, the enhanced NullMixer malware is particularly dangerous because it is polymorphic, which means that it can change its form and structure to avoid detection. The malware can also mutate to evade traditional signature-based antivirus software. As a result, it is difficult to detect and eliminate, making it a significant threat to cybersecurity.

The NullMixer campaign is a reminder of the importance of staying vigilant when it comes to cybersecurity. As cyber threats become more advanced and sophisticated, it is crucial to have up-to-date security measures in place. This includes installing and regularly updating antivirus software, implementing strong passwords, and training employees on best practices for avoiding phishing attacks.

In light of the NullMixer campaign, cybersecurity experts are urging individuals and organizations to be cautious when opening email attachments or clicking on links. They advise that if something seems suspicious or out of the ordinary, it is best to err on the side of caution and avoid clicking on it.

As cybersecurity expert Michael Covington notes, "The best defense against these types of attacks is to stay informed and vigilant. It is essential to keep up with the latest threats and trends in cybersecurity and to take proactive measures to protect yourself and your organization."

The NullMixer campaign with its advanced polymorphic loaders highlights the importance of being proactive and vigilant about cybersecurity. It is crucial to stay informed about the latest threats and trends in cybersecurity and to take necessary measures to protect oneself and organizations from cyber attacks. By being vigilant and implementing robust security measures, individuals and organizations can reduce the risk of becoming a victim of cybercrime.

GitHub Introduces the AI-powered Copilot X, which Uses OpenAI's GPT-4 Model


The open-source developer platform GitHub, which is owned by Microsoft, has revealed the debut of Copilot X, the company's perception of the future of AI-powered software development.

GitHub has adopted OpenAI's new GPT-4 model and added chat and voice support for Copilot, bringing Copilot to pull requests, the command line, and documentation to answer questions about developers' projects.

'From reading docs to writing code to submitting pull requests and beyond, we're working to personalize GitHub Copilot for every team, project, and repository it's used in, creating a radically improved software development lifecycle,' Thomas Dohmke, CEO at GitHub, said in a statement.

'At the same time, we will continue to innovate and update the heart of GitHub Copilot -- the AI pair programmer that started it all,' he added.

Copilot chat recognizes what code a developer has entered and what error messages are displayed, and it is deeply integrated into the IDE (Integrated Development Environment).

As stated by the company, Copilot chat will join GitHub's previously demoed voice-to-code AI technology extension, which it is now calling 'Copilot voice,' where developers can verbally give natural language prompts. Furthermore, developers can now sign up for a technical preview of the first AI-generated pull request descriptions on GitHub.

This new feature is powered by OpenAI's new GPT-4 model and adds support for AI-powered tags in pull request descriptions via a GitHub app that organization admins and individual repository owners can install.

As per the company, GitHub is also going to launch Copilot for docs, an experimental tool that uses a chat interface to provide users with AI-generated responses to documentation questions, including questions about the languages, frameworks, and technologies they are using.