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Showing posts with label Security vulnerability. Show all posts

Synology Alerts Users of Severe Netatalk Bugs in Multiple Devices

Synology warned its customers that few of its network-attached storage (NAS) appliances are vulnerable to cyberattacks compromising various critical Netatalk vulnerabilities. Various vulnerabilities allow remote hackers to access critical information and may execute arbitrary code through a vulnerable variant of Synology Router Manager and DiskStation Manager (DSM). 

Netatalk is an Apple Filing Protocol (AFP) open-source platform that lets devices running on *NIX/*BSD work as AppleShare file servers (AFP) for Mac OS users for viewing files stored on Synology NAS devices. 

The development team of Netatalk fixed the patches in version 3.1.1, issued in March, following the Pwn2Own hacking competition in 2021. The vulnerabilities were first found and exploited in the competition. The EDG team of the NCC group exploited the vulnerability rated 9.8/10 severity score and tracked as CVE-2022-23121 to deploy remote code execution without verification on a Western Digital PR4100 NAS that runs on My Cloud OS firmware during the Pwn2Own competition. Synology mentioned three vulnerabilities in the latest warning- CVE-2022-23125, CVE-2022-23122, CVE-2022-0194, all three having high severity ratings. 

They are also letting malicious hackers deploy arbitrary codes on unfixed devices. The Netatalk development team released the security patches to resolve the issues in April, even then according to Synology, the releases for some affected devices are still in process. The NAS maker hasn't given any fixed timeline for future updates, according to Synology, it usually releases security patches for any impacted software within 90 days of publishing advisories. "

QNAP said the Netatalk vulnerabilities impact multiple QTS and QuTS hero operating system versions and QuTScloud, the company's cloud-optimized NAS operating system. Like Synology, QNAP has already released patches for one of the affected OS versions, with fixes already available for appliances running QTS build 20220419 and later," reports Bleeping Computers.

Phishing Attack Emerges as a Primary Threat Vector in X-Force Threat Intelligence Index 2022


IBM published its tenth X-Force Threat Intelligence Index last week unveiling phishing attacks as the primary threat vector in the past year, with manufacturing emerging as the most targeted sector. IBM security analysts spotted a 33% surge in attacks caused by vulnerability exploitation of Log4Shell, a point of entry that malicious actors relied on more than any other to launch their assaults in 2021, representing the cause of 44% of ransomware attacks. 

The 2022 Threat Intelligence Index was compiled from billions of data points, ranging from network and endpoint detection devices, incident response engagements, phishing kits, and domain name tracking. It was revealed that threat actors employed phishing in 41% of attacks, surging from 2020 when it was responsible for 33% of attacks. Interestingly, click rates for the average targeted phishing campaign surged nearly three-fold, from 18% to 53% when phone phishing (vishing) was also employed by malicious actors. 

The X-Force report highlights the record-high number of vulnerabilities unearthed in 2021, including a vulnerability in the Kaseya monitoring software that was exploited by REvil in July, and the Log4j (or Log4Shell) vulnerability in Apache’s popular logging library. Cybercriminals from across the globe were so quick to exploit Log4j that it occupied the number two spot on the X-Force top 10 lists of most exploited vulnerabilities in 2021, despite only being discovered in December last year. The top vulnerability was a flaw in Microsoft Exchange that allowed attackers to bypass authentication to impersonate an administrator. 

Additionally in the UK, nearly 80% of users received a malicious call or text last year. To counter the threat, regulator Ofcom published new guidelines this week which will require more proactive work from operators to root out the use of spoofed numbers. 

“X-Force observed actors leveraging multiple known vulnerabilities, such as CVE-2021-35464 (a Java deserialization vulnerability) and CVE-2019-19781 (a Citrix path traversal flaw), to gain initial access to networks of interest. In addition, we observed threat actors leverage zero-day vulnerabilities in major attacks like the Kaseya ransomware attack and Microsoft Exchange Server incidents to access victim networks and devices,” researchers explained. 

To mitigate the risks, researchers advised organizations to update their vulnerability management system, identify security loopholes, and prioritize vulnerabilities based on the likelihood they will be abused.

MSHTML Attack Targets Russian State Rocket Centre and Interior Ministry


An MSHTML vulnerability listed under CVE-2021-40444 is being used to target Russian entities, as per Malwarebytes. 

Malwarebytes Intelligence has detected email attachments directed especially against Russian enterprises. The first template they discovered is structured to resemble an internal communication within JSC GREC Makeyev. 

The Joint Stock Company State Rocket Center named after Academician V.P. Makeyev is a strategic asset of the country's defence and industrial complex for both the rocket and space industries. It is also the primary manufacturer of liquid and solid-fuel strategic missile systems with ballistic missiles, making it one of Russia's largest research and development centres for developing rocket and space technology. 

The email purports to be from the organization's Human Resources (HR) department. It stated that HR is conducting a check of the personal information given by workers. Employees are asked to fill out a form and send it to HR, or to respond to the email. 

When the recipient wishes to fill out the form, they must allow editing. And that action is sufficient to activate the exploit. When the target opens a malicious Office document, MSHTML loads a specially designed ActiveX control. The loaded ActiveX control can then execute arbitrary code to attack the machine with further malware. 

The second file, Malwarebytes discovered appears to be from Moscow's Ministry of the Interior. The attachment may be used to aim at a variety of fascinating targets. The documents' title translates to "Notification of illegal activity." 

It requests that the recipient complete the form and submit it to the Ministry of Internal Affairs, or respond to the email. It also encourages the targeted victim to do so within seven days. 

Malwarebytes further stated, they seldom come across proof of cybercrime against Russian targets. Given the targets, particularly the first, they think a state-sponsored actor is behind these assaults, and are investigating the source of the strikes. 

Vulnerability Patch

The CVE-2021-40444 vulnerability is rather outdated in nature (it involves ActiveX) however, it was just recently discovered. It wasn't long before threat actors were posting proofs-of-concept, tutorials, and exploits on hacker forums, allowing anybody to conduct their own assaults by following step-by-step instructions.

Microsoft immediately issued mitigation instructions that blocked the installation of new ActiveX controls and managed to squeeze a fix into its most recent Patch Tuesday release, just a few weeks after the flaw was made public. 

The time it takes to build a patch, on the other hand, is frequently overshadowed by the time it takes users to apply it. Organizations, particularly large ones, are frequently discovered to be far behind in patching, thus the chances of more cyberattacks like these increase.

WooCommerce Multi Currency Bug Allows Customers to Modify the Cost of Items on Online Stores


A security flaw in the WooCommerce Multi Currency plugin might allow any consumer to alter product prices in online stores. WooCommerce Multi Currency enables consumers to switch currencies and assists the shop in accepting multi-currency payments. It is possible to set the exchange rate manually or automatically. The plugin may automatically detect the customer's location and display the price in their local currency. 

WooCommerce is a WordPress-based eCommerce plugin; the Multi Currency plugin from Envato, on the other hand, allows WooCommerce users to customise prices for foreign customers. On the Envato Marketplace, it has a total of 7,700 sales. 

According to Ninja Technologies Network (NinTechNet), the problem is a broken access-control vulnerability in Multi Currency version 2.1.17 and lower, which affects the “Import Fixed Price” feature, which allows eCommerce sites to set custom prices, overwriting any prices calculated automatically by exchange rate. 

“The import function, import_csv(), is loaded by the wmc_bulk_fixed_price AJAX hook in the “woocommerce-multi-currency/includes/import-export/import-csv.php” script,” according to a NinTechNet analysis on Monday. “The function lacks a capability check and a security nonce, and therefore is accessible to all authenticated users, which includes WooCommerce customers.” 

Cybercriminals might take advantage of the flaw by uploading a specially prepared CSV file to the site that contains the current currency of a product as well as the product ID. According to experts, this permits them to modify the price of one or more items. A comma-separated values (CSV) file allows you to save data in a tabular format. Most spreadsheet programmes, such as Microsoft Excel or Google Spreadsheets, can open SV files. They vary from other spreadsheet file types in that they can only contain a single sheet and do not store cell, column, or row information. In addition, formulas cannot be saved in this format. 

“The vulnerability is particularly damaging for online shops selling digital goods because the attacker will have time to download the goods,” they said. “It is important to verify every order because the hack doesn’t change the product’s price in the backend, hence the shop manager may unlikely notice it immediately.” 

Patching needs for WooCommerce users have been increasing recently. Envato's WooCommerce Dynamic Pricing and Discounts plugin was discovered to have two security vulnerabilities in late August, which may allow unauthenticated attackers to inject malicious code onto websites running unpatched versions. This can lead to a number of assaults, such as website redirection to phishing pages, the injection of malicious scripts on product pages, and so on.

Several Vulnerabilities Identified In Emerson OpenEnterprise

Recently four vulnerabilities were found in Emerson OpenEnterprise and were accounted for to the vendor in December 2019 with the patches released a couple of months later.

Roman Lozko, a researcher at Kaspersky's ICS CERT unit, was responsible for the identification of the flaws, and the security holes found by him have been depicted as 'heap-based cushion buffer, missing authentication, improper ownership management, and weak encryption issues.

The U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) and Kaspersky published advisories for three of the vulnerabilities a week ago. The rest of the vulnerability was described by Kaspersky in a previous advisory.

As indicated by Emerson, OpenEnterprise is explicitly intended to address the prerequisites of associations focusing on oil and gas production, transmission, and distribution.

The initial two followed as CVE-2020-6970 and CVE-2020-10640 are depicted as critical, as they can allow an attacker to remotely execute discretionary code with 'elevated privileges' on devices running OpenEnterprise.

Vladimir Dashchenko, a security expert at Kaspersky, says an attacker could misuse these vulnerabilities either from the system or directly from the internet. Notwithstanding, there don't give off an impression of being any occurrences of the affected product exposed to the internet.

“The most critical vulnerabilities allow remote attackers to execute any command on a computer with OpenEnterprise on it with system privileges, so this might lead to any possible consequences,”

 “Based on Shodan statistics, currently there are no directly exposed OpenEnterprise SCADA systems available,” Dashchenko explained. “It means that asset owners with installed OpenEnterprise are definitely following the basic security principles for industrial control systems.”

The rest of the vulnerabilities can be exploited to 'escalate privileges' and to acquire passwords for OpenEnterprise user accounts, yet exploitation in the two cases requires local access to the targeted system.

User Accounts and Phone Numbers Exposed; Confirms Instagram

Social Media Giant and Instagram senior, Facebook affirms that a newfound security vulnerability may have put the user data in danger, leaving many open to attack by 'threat actors'.

The vulnerability is said to be so strong to the point that through it the attacker would effectively access 'secure' user data like the users' real names, Instagram account numbers and handles, and full phone numbers.

An Israeli hacker known by the handle @ZHacker13 found the vulnerability with Instagram and said that misusing it would empower an attacker utilizing a multitude of bots and processors to manufacture an accessible/attackable database of users, bypassing protections protecting that information.

The attacker utilizes a simple algorithm against Instagram's login form, checking each phone number in turn for those linked to a live Instagram account, and since there is no restriction on the number of algorithms that can be kept running in parallel, the attacker can do it as many number of times as he wants.

After this while exploiting the advantages of Instagram's Sync Contacts feature he can figure out how to discover the account name and number linked to the phone number.

Anyway as of now, there is no proof that any user data has been misused or mishandled via utilizing this vulnerability—in any case; on the other hand, there is no proof that it hasn't.

Probably the fact that the endeavour required two separate procedures may imply that the attackers have chosen to withdraw.

Meanwhile, @ZHacker13 tested his Instagram exploit post Facebook's fix and affirmed that it no longer worked.

10,000 Clients Affected in Aegon Life Insurance Data Leak

Around 10,000 customers of Aegon Life Insurance, a joint venture between the Netherlands-based Aegon and India's Times Group, fall prey to a data leak which was caused through website's support channels, which clients used to communicate with the insurer regarding their grievances.

Reportedly, the data compromised included all the details ranging from the very basic demographic ones like name, gender, age to more specific ones such as health policy problems and annual income. It occurred due to a security vulnerability in the company's website.

Renie Ravin, Indian web developer and co-founder of the independent blogging platform, 'IndiBlogger', discovered the vulnerability which led to the data leak and reported it to the company in July 2019.

However, there is no evidence of the exposed data being illegally accessed or misused.

Referencing from the statements given by the company, "Aegon Life Insurance, India announces that a vulnerability on their website exposed information of some Indian customers who had used web forms to get in touch with Aegon Life."

"Aegon Life immediately fixed the vulnerability and have since informed all customers of this exposure. Aegon Life estimates that up to 10,000 customers were possibly affected."

"We will initiate an outreach program in the coming days to offer guidance to affected customers and to let them know what information was exposed. At Aegon Life, data security and customer privacy are of utmost importance and we will continue to be transparent with customers as we investigate further," the company added.