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Private Data of Europeans Shared 376 Times Daily in Ad Sales


Private information about every internet user is shared hundreds of times each day as companies bid for online advertising slots. A brand-new report by the Irish Council for Civil Liberties (ICCL), uncovered that the average European user's data is shared 376 times per day and the figure rises to 747 times daily for US-based users. 

Currently, ICCL is engaged in a legal battle with the digital ad industry and the Data Protection Commission against what it describes as an epic data breach, arguing that nobody has ever specifically consented to this practice. 

The data is shared between brokers acting on behalf of those wishing to place adverts, in real-time, as a web page loads in front of someone who is reading it. The brands in the adverts themselves are not involved. 

That data can be practically anything based on the Interactive Advertising Bureau's (IAB) audience taxonomy. The basics, of course, like age, sex, location, income, and the like are included, but it doesn't stop there. All sorts of websites fingerprint their visitors and those fingerprints can later be used to target ads on unrelated websites. 

It is used to secure the most relevant bidder for the advert space on the page. This all happens automatically, in a fraction of a second, and is a multimillion-dollar industry. Personally-identifying information is not included, but campaigners argue that the volume of the data is still a violation of privacy.  

"Every day the RTB [Real Time Bidding] industry tracks what you are looking at, no matter how private or sensitive, and it records where you go. This is the biggest data breach ever recorded. And it is repeated every day," said Dr. Johnny Ryan, senior fellow at the ICCL. 

According to the ICCL report, the source of the data was a Google feed covering a 30-day period. It is made available to the industry, but not the public. The data about US web users' habits are shared in advert sales processes 107 trillion times per year and European users' data is shared 71 billion times.  

"If the exhaust of our personal data could be seen in the same way pollution can, we'd be surrounded by an almost impenetrable haze that gets thicker the more we interact with our phones.,” tech reporter Parmy Olson, said. 

Nearly 15 Million People Impacted by ElasticSearch Misconfiguration


Cybersecurity researchers at Website Planet have unearthed two misconfigured ElasticSearch servers owned by an anonymous organization using open-source data analytics software developed by SnowPlow Analytics, a London-based software vendor. 

The software allows entities to gather and examine information about their websites’ users apparently without their knowledge. It is worth noting that a web analytics tool can collect versatile data metrics. The collected information is then used for designing an extensive, detailed profile for site visitors.

According to researchers, both servers were unencrypted and required no password authorization. The unsecured servers exposed 359,019,902 records, nearly 579.4 GB of data. The exposed servers contained detailed logs of website user traffic — information that belongs to users of various websites collecting data with the open-source technology, including the following. 

• Referrer page 
• Timestamp IP 
• Geolocation data 
• Web page visited 
• User-agent data of website visitors 

The servers contained user information collected over two months in 2021. The first server contained data from September 2021 with 242,728,328 records or 389.7 GB of data gathered between September 2nd, 2021, and October 1st, 2021. 

The second server contained December 2021 data featuring 116,291,574 records or 189.7 GB of data collected between December 1st, 2021, and December 27th, 2021. Nearly 4 to 100 records of users appear on the two servers, and given that there are multiple logs for each user, this exposure might affect at least 15 million people, the researchers added. 

It is worth noting that the compromised data could have been accessed by anyone with eyes, and included geolocation and IP addresses. Additionally, the servers were live and actively updating new information at the time when they were discovered. However, neither ElasticSearch nor SnowPlow Analytics is responsible for this exposure because the company that owns the misconfigured servers is at fault. 

The data leak might have a far-reaching impact because users worldwide are affected by this exposure. However, it is unclear whether the servers were accessed by a third party with malicious intent or not. Fortunately, both exposed servers were secured after Website Planet sent alerts to concerned authorities.

To secure the data, users can employ Virtual Private Network (VPN) which hides the online activity and IP address, making the user anonymous to on-site tracking and cookies. People can also use the Tor browser to access the internet anonymously and maintain their data privacy.

21M Users' Personal Data Exposed on Telegram


A database containing the personal information and login passwords of 21 million individuals was exposed on a Telegram channel on May 7th, 2022, as per The data of VPN customers was also exposed in the breach, including prominent VPNs like SuperVPN, GeckoVPN, and ChatVPN. 

The database was previously accessible for sale on the Dark Web last year, but it is now available for free on Telegram. The hacked documents contained 10GB of data and exposed 21 million unique records, according to VPNMentor analysts. The following details were included: 
  • Full names
  • Usernames
  • Country names
  • Billing details
  • Email addresses
  • Randomly generated password strings
  • Premium status and validity period
Further investigation revealed that the leaked passwords were all impossible to crack because they were all random, hashed, or salted without collision. Gmail accounts made up the majority of the email addresses (99.5 percent). 

However, vpnMentor researchers believe that the released data is merely a portion of the whole dump. For the time being, it's unknown whether the information was gained from a data breach or a malfunctioning server. In any case, the harm has been done, and users are now vulnerable to scams and prying eyes. The main reason people use VPNs is to maintain their anonymity and privacy. Because VPN customers' data is regarded more valuable, disclosing it has far-reaching effects. 

People whose information was exposed in this incident may be subjected to blackmail, phishing scams, or identity theft. Because of the exposure of personally identifiable information such as country names, billing information, usernames, and so on, they may launch targeted frauds. Threat actors can easily hijack their accounts and exploit their premium status after cracking their credentials. 

If the data falls into the hands of a despotic government that prohibits VPN use, VPN users may be arrested and detained. Users should change their VPN account password and use a mix of upper-lower case letters, symbols, numbers, and other characters for maximum account security.

Dark Web: 31,000 FTSE 100 Logins


With unveiling the detection of tens of thousands of business credentials on the dark web, security experts warn the UK's largest companies that they could unintentionally be exposed to significant vulnerability. Outpost24 trawled cybercrime sites for the compromised credentials, discovering 31,135 usernames and passwords related to FTSE 100 companies using its threat monitoring platform Blueliv.

The Financial Times Stock Exchange (FTSE) 100 Index comprises the top 100 companies on the London Stock Exchange in terms of market capitalization. Across several industry verticals, these businesses reflect some of the most powerful and lucrative businesses on the market. 

The following are among the key findings from the study on stolen and leaked credentials: 

  • Around three-quarters (75%) of these credentials were obtained by traditional data breaches, while a quarter was gained through personally targeted malware infections. 
  • The vast majority of FTSE 100 firms (81%) had at least one credential hacked and published on the dark web, and nearly half of FTSE 100 businesses (42%) have more than 500 hacked credentials. 
  • Since last year, there were 31,135 hacked and leaked credentials for FTSE 100 organizations, with 38 of them being exposed on the dark web. 
  • Up to 20% of credentials are lost due to malware infections and identity thieves.
  • 11% disclosed in the last three months (21 in the last six months, and 68% for more than a year) Over 60% of stolen credentials come from three industries: IT/Telecom (23%), Energy & Utility (22%), and Finance (21%). 
  • With the largest total number (7,303) and average stolen credentials per company (730), the IT/Telecoms industry is the most in danger. They are the most afflicted by malware infection and have the most stolen credentials disclosed in the last three months.
  • Healthcare has the biggest amount of stolen credentials per organization (485) due to data breaches, as they have become increasingly targeted by cybercriminals since the pandemic started. 

"Malicious actors could use such logins to get covert network access as part of "big-game hunting" ransomware assault. Once an unauthorized third party or initial access broker obtains user logins and passwords, they can either sell the credentials on the dark web to an aspiring hacker or use them to compromise an organization's network by bypassing security protocols and progressing laterally to steal critical data and cause disruption," Victor Acin, labs manager at Outpost24 company Blueliv, explained.

MM.Finance, a DeFi platform, Had More Than $2 Million Stolen


In a Domain Name System (DNS) attack, hackers decided to retrieve $2 million worth of digital assets, as per MM.Finance. It is a DeFi ecosystem with the largest decentralized exchange on the Cronos blockchain. 

Hackers target the reliability or integrity of a network's DNS service in these attacks. The attacker could "inject a malicious contract address into the frontend code," as per the team behind MM.Finance, which bills itself as the world's largest decentralized finance ecosystem on the Cronos blockchain. "Attacker changed the network contract address in our hosted files via a DNS vulnerability." In a Medium post-mortem, the business claimed, "We understand that some of you have suffered considerable sums and are filled with anxieties and despair." 

After completing swaps or adding and deleting liquidity on the MM.Finance site starting on May 4, users lost money. "The malicious router kicked in and the LPs were withdrawn to the attacker's address when victims navigated to mm. finance to remove liquidity," the company revealed. MM.Finance has offered the attacker 48 hours to refund 90% of the stolen funds, warning that if the deadline is not met, it will notify the FBI. 

The attacker made off with more than $2 million in cryptocurrencies before laundering it all through Tornado Cash, a service that allows users to hide the source of their payments. The company is forming a compensation fund for anyone affected, and the platform's creators have stated that they will forego its part of trading revenue to pay the losses. The reward pool will be open for 45 days, with a procedure in place to reimburse individuals that participate. 

The company said it linked the seized assets to the OKX exchange in follow-up postings on Twitter, threatening to contact the FBI if the funds were not restored. OKX's CEO stated that the company is looking into the matter. According to DeFi Llama data, liquidity is still strong, with $804 million in total worth locked up (TVL).

A New Regulation Seeks to Secure Non-HIPAA Digital Health Apps


A guideline designed and distributed by several healthcare stakeholder groups strives to secure digital health technologies and mobile health apps, the overwhelming majority of which fall outside of HIPAA regulation. 

The Digital Health Assessment Framework was launched on May 2 by the American College of Physicians, the American Telemedicine Association, and the Organization for the Review of Care and Health Applications. The methodology intends to examine the use of digital health technologies while assisting healthcare leaders and patients in assessing the factors about which online health tools to employ. Covered entities must also adopt necessary administrative, physical, and technical protections to preserve the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of electronically protected health information, according to the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act Rules. 

Healthcare data security was never more critical, with cyberattacks on healthcare businesses on the rise and hackers creating extremely complex tools and tactics to attack healthcare firms. Before HIPAA, the healthcare field lacked a universally agreed set of security standards or broad obligations for protecting patient information. At the same time, new technologies were advancing, and the healthcare industry began to rely more heavily on electronic information systems to pay claims, answer eligibility issues, give health information, and perform a variety of other administrative and clinical duties. 

Furthermore, the Office for Civil Rights at the Department of Health and Human Services has enhanced HIPAA Rule enforcement, and settlements with covered businesses for HIPAA Rule violations are being reached at a faster rate than ever before. 

"Digital health technologies can provide safe, effective, and interacting access to personalized health and assistance, as well as more convenient care, improve patient-staff satisfaction and achieve better clinical outcomes," said Ann Mond Johnson, ATA CEO, in a statement. "Our goal is to provide faith that the health and wellness devices reviewed in this framework meet quality, privacy, and clinical assurance criteria in the United States," she added. 

Several health apps share personal information with third parties, leaving them prone to hacks. Over 86 million people in the US use a health or fitness app, which is praised for assisting patients in managing health outside of the doctor's office. HIPAA does not apply to any health app which is not advised for use by a healthcare provider. 

The problem is that the evidence strongly suggests the app developers engage in some less-than-transparent methods to compromise patient privacy. Focusing on a cross-sectional assessment of the top tier apps for depression and smoking cessation in the US and Australia, a study published in JAMA in April 2019 found that the majority of health apps share data to third parties, but only a couple disclosed the practice to consumers in one‘s privacy policies. 

Only 16 of the evaluated applications mentioned the additional uses for data sharing, despite the fact that the majority of the apps were forthright about the primary use of its data. 

According to the aforementioned study, nearly half of the apps sent data to a third party yet didn't have a privacy policy. But in more than 80% of cases, data was shared with Google and Facebook for marketing purposes. 

Another study published in the British Medical Journal in March 2019 discovered that the majority of the top 24 health education Android applications in the USA linked user data without explicitly informing users. In 2021, a study conducted by Knight Ink and Approov found that the 30 most popular mHealth apps are highly vulnerable to API hacks, which might result in the exploitation of health data. Only a few app developers were found in violation of the Federal Trade Commission's health breach rule. 

The guideline from ACP, ATA, and ORCHA aims to help the healthcare industry better comprehend product safety. "There has been no clear means to establish if a product is safe to use in a field of 365,000 goods, where the great majority fall outside of existing standards, such as medical device regulations, federal laws, and government counsel," as per the announcement. 

The implementation of digital health, covering condition management, clinical risk assessment, and decision assistance, is hampered by a lack of direction. The guide is a crucial step in identifying and developing digital health technologies which deliver benefits while protecting patient safety, according to ACP President Ryan D. Mire, MD. The guidelines were developed using the clinical expertise of ACP and ATA members, along with ORCHA's app assessment experience.

ACP also launched a pilot test of digital health solutions that were evaluated against the new framework in conjunction with the new framework. Mire hopes that the trial will assist providers to identify the most effective features for recommending high-value digital health technologies to patients and identify potential impediments to extensive digital health adoption.

Anonymous Leaks 82 GB Police Data as Protest Against Australian Detention Centre

Earlier this week, the Anonymous collective released 82 GB worth of emails that belonged to the Nauru Police Force. As per Anonymous, the data leak was a protest against the bad treatment of asylum seekers and refugees by Island authorities and the Australian government. 

Nauru is a small island country in Micronesia, Australia, infamous for an offshore refugee detention camp, for which Australia provides assistance. The total number of leaked emails is around 285,635 and open for direct and torrent downloads via the official website of "Enlace Hacktivista," a forum that tries to document hacker history. 

"Nauru agreed to assess people's claims for international protection and host the facilities required to detain them, while Australia committed to bearing the entirety of the cost. Nauru has a population of 10,000 people, with around 107 asylum seekers as of July 2021. 
The majority of asylum-seekers and refugees on Nauru are from Iran, while many are stateless, and others come from Afghanistan, Iraq, Myanmar, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka," says Enlace Hacktivista website. Experts couldn't find out the trove of emails, but Anonymous says that leaked data consists of details related to violence that the Nauru Police Force and the government of Australia tried to hide. 

Anonymous' statement asked authorities to start an inquiry into all accusations of abuse in the refugee detention camp and to compensate lifetime reparations to victims of abuse. It has also asked to end the policy of compulsory immigration detention and permanent shutting of immigration detention facilities, which includes the island of Nauru. DDoSecrets has confirmed the leak and said that the massive data leak is also available on DDoSecrets. 

Besides this @YourAnonNews, a media representative tweeted "anonymous hackers release 1/4 million Nauru Island Immigration Detention Center Police emails documenting abuses suffered by asylum seekers and refugees under successive Scott Morrison (Prime Minister of Australia since 24 August 2018) portfolios." As of now, there is no official statement from Nauru Police Force and the Australian government related to the leak.

Britain’s National Health Service Hit by Massive Phishing Campaign


The National Health Service (NHS) of the United Kingdom witnessed a large phishing campaign for months. The threat actors have been using official NHS accounts to send phishing emails to unsuspecting third parties, it became a massive campaign in March. 

However, the campaign could have been much larger, as INKY reported in their findings. It’s safe to say that the total iceberg was much bigger than the tip we saw, INKY added. 

“We have processes in place to continuously monitor and identify these risks. We address them in collaboration with our partners who support and deliver the national NHSmail service. NHS organizations running their own email systems will have similar processes and protections in place to identify and coordinate their responses, and call upon NHS Digital assistance if required." 

NHS released the statement after INKY shared its findings with the institution. Further, NHS and its investigation bench have released statements, in which it said that their team was able to discover that the group did not compromise the mail server but rather individually hijacked accounts. 

It is between October 2021 and March 2022, that INKY successfully detected 1,157 phishing emails originating from NHSMail, the NHS email system for employees based in England and Scotland. Last year, this service was changed from an on-premise installation to Microsoft Exchange Online. This security change could have been a factor in the attack. 

After the finding, INKY had reported it to the NHS on April 13, and by April 14, the institution witnessed a sharp decline in the number of attacks, as the NHS took measures to curb them. However, INKY users were still receiving a few phishing emails from the NHS mail domain. 

Following the attack, INKY has shared information regarding phishing campaign tricks which makes things easier for the group to lure the target. The threat actors use brand logos and trademarks to impersonate well-known brands. 

Credential harvesting and hijacked accounts play a key role in malicious activities. The group has further suggested Email users always check a sender’s email address carefully before sending and opening attachments.

Anonymous Hacks Russian Energy Companies, Leaking 1Million+ Emails


Anonymous claims to have hacked into Russian energy businesses in order to expose emails and continue its cyberwar on Ukraine. On Twitter, the hacker collective claimed to have exposed over 1 million emails from ALET, a Russian customs broker for gasoline and energy firms. 

The tweet stated, "NEW: #Anonymous hacked nearly 1.1 million emails (1.1 TB of data) from ALET, a Russian customs broker for companies in the fuel and energy industries, handling exports and customs declarations for coal, crude oil, liquefied gases and petroleum products."

DDoSecrets, an organisation co-founded by Emma Best and dedicated to comprehensive data transparency in the public interest, disclosed the breach. 

What is ALET? 

ALET is a customs broker based in Russia. It manages exports and customs declarations for petroleum products, coal, liquefied gases, and crude oil for enterprises in the fuel and energy industry. It has worked with 400 businesses and filed 119,000 customs declarations since 2011 with oil products accounting for the majority of its revenues. Gazprom, Gazprom Neft, and Bashneft have all recommended it.

Anonymous has threatened to fight a cyberwar against Putin since the start of the Russia-Ukraine conflict. So far, it has lived up to that promise. Not only has the organisation disclosed Russian information, but it has also infiltrated Russian organisations in order to inform citizens about what is happening outside the nation. 

Anonymous is best known for hacking Russian streaming sites and TV networks in order to show Russian residents what was going on in Ukraine. Last week, the group hacked Enerpred, Russia's largest hydraulic equipment manufacturer dealing in the energy, coal, gas, oil, and construction industries, and stole 645,000 emails (up to 432GB of data).

The company's headquarters are in Irkutsk, Eastern Siberia's capital, and offices in major Russian cities including Moscow and St. Petersburg. DDoSecrets' (Distributed Denial of Secrets) website has the leaked data.

Attackers Use Stolen OAuth Access Tokens to Breach Dozens of GitHub Repos


GitHub has shared a timeline of last month's security breach that saw an attacker using stolen OAuth app tokens to steal private repositories from dozens of organizations. 

OAuth tokens were issued to two third-party integrators, Heroku and Travis-CI but were stolen by an unknown hacker. According to GitHub's Chief Security Officer Mike Hanley, the company is yet to unearth evidence that its systems have been breached since the incident was first identified on April 12th, 2022. 

OAuth tokens are one of the go-to elements that IT vendors use to automate cloud services like code repositories and DevOps pipelines. While these tokens are useful for enabling key IT services, they are also susceptible to theft. 

“If a token is compromised, in this case, a GitHub token, a malicious actor can steal corporate IP or modify the source to initiate a supply chain attack that could spread malware or steal PII from unsuspecting customers," Ray Kelly, a researcher at NIT Application Security, explained. 

GitHub said it is in the process of sending the final notification to its customer. The firm’s examination of the hacker’s methodology includes the authentication of the GitHub API using the stolen OAuth tokens issued to accounts Heroku and Travis CI. It added that most of those affected authorized Heroku or Travis CI OAuth apps in their GitHub accounts. Attacks were selective and attackers listed the private repositories of interest. Next, attackers proceeded to clone private repositories.

“This pattern of behavior suggests the attacker was only listing organizations to identify accounts to selectively target for listing and downloading private repositories. GitHub believes these attacks were highly targeted based on the available information and our analysis of the attacker behavior using the compromised OAuth tokens issued to Travis CI and Heroku,” GitHub stated. 

GitHub also issued recommendations that can assist users in investigating logs for data exfiltration or malicious activity. This includes scanning all private repositories for secrets and credentials stored in them, checking OAuth applications authorized for a personal account, and adhering to GitHub policies to improve the security of their GitHub organizations. Others include checking their account activity, personal access tokens, OAuth apps, and SSH keys for activity or changes that may have come from the malicious actor.

Lapsus$ Targeting SharePoint, VPNs and Virtual Machines

NCC Group on Thursday released a report in which it has described the techniques and tactics of the highly unpredictable Lapsus$ attacks, along with how Lapsus$ attacks are launched and what makes it such a unique group. 

The group currently gave up its operation following the arrests of alleged members in March. The attacks launched by the group remain confusing in both their motives and their methods. The group is known for targeting world-famous companies including Microsoft, Nvidia, Okta, and Samsung. 

According to the report, Lapsus$ used stolen authentication cookies, specifically ones used for SSO applications, to initially get access into targeted systems. With this, the threat actors also scraped Microsoft SharePoint sites used by target organizations to get credentials within technical documentation. 

"Credential harvesting and privileged escalation are key components of the LAPSUS$ breaches we have seen, with the rapid escalation in privileges the LAPSUS$ group has been seen to elevate from a standard user account to an administrative user within a couple of days," the report said. 

Following the report, it has been learned that a major goal of the group is to exploit corporate VPNs, capitalizing on their increased use of them over the last few years. 

"Access to corporate VPNs is a primary focus for this group as it allows the threat actor to directly access key infrastructure which they require to complete their objectives. In our incident response cases, we saw the threat actor leveraging compromised employee email accounts to email helpdesk systems requesting access credentials or support to get access to the corporate VPN," the report further read. 

The Group has grown in just a few months from launching a handful of sensitive attacks that were designed to steal and publish the source code of multiple top-tier technology companies. Sometimes the group is referred to as a ransomware group in reports, however, Lapsus$ is also known for not deploying ransomware in extortion attempts.

345,000 People are Affected by a Data Breach at ARcare


ARcare announced a data breach after an unauthorized party acquired access to sensitive information stored on the company's computer servers. The names, dates of birth, financial account information, and Social Security numbers of some people were exposed as a result of the incident.

ARcare sent out data breach notices to those whose information was compromised on April 25, 2022. The Arcare breach, according to the US Department of Health and Human Services, affected 345353 people. 

ARcare, a community health clinic in Augusta, Arkansas, offers services such as chronic disease management, behavioral health, and HIV treatment. The healthcare provider discovered the personal information about individuals had been exposed on April 4 and began notifying potentially affected individuals and regulators on April 25. 345,353 people may have been infected, according to the US Department of Health and Human Services (HSS). 

ARcare learnt about a data security incident affecting its software system on February 24, 2022, according to an official document filed by the business. As a result, the corporation took steps to secure its computer systems and initiated an inquiry to discover more about the incident's origin and scale. 

The data breach alert states, "ARcare is examining and updating existing policies and procedures relevant to data protection and security.ARcare is also looking into additional security measures to minimize any risk related to this incident and to better prevent future instances."

ARcare confirmed on March 14, 2022, how an unauthorized entity had gained access to and perhaps removed sensitive data from the ARcare network. Between January 18, 2022, and February 24, 2022, an unauthorized entity got access to the system.

US has Offered a $10 Million Bounty on Data About Russian Sandworm Hackers


The United States announced a reward of up to $10 million for information on six Russian military intelligence service hackers. According to the State Department's Rewards for Justice Program, "these people engaged in hostile cyber actions on behalf of the Russian government against U.S. vital infrastructure in violation of the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act."

The US Department of State has issued a request for information on six Russian officers (also known as Voodoo Bear or Iron Viking) from the Main Intelligence Directorate of the General Staff of the Russian Federation's Armed Forces (GRU) regarding their alleged involvement in malicious cyberattacks against critical infrastructure in the United States. The linkages attributed are as follows : 

  • Artem Valeryevich Ochichenko has been linked to technical reconnaissance and spear-phishing efforts aimed at gaining illegal access to critical infrastructure sites' IT networks around the world. 
  • Petr Nikolayevich Pliskin, Sergey Vladimirovich Detistov, Pavel Valeryevich Frolov, and Yuriy Sergeyevich Andrienko, are accused of developing components of the NotPetya and Olympic Destroyer malware used by the Russian government to infect computer systems on June 27, 2017, and Yuriy Sergeyevich Andrienko, who are accused of developing components of the NotPetya and Olympic De.
  • Anatoliy Sergeyevich Kovalev is accused of inventing spear-phishing techniques and communications which were utilized by the Russian government to hack into critical infrastructure computer systems. 

On October 15, 2020, the US Justice Department charged the mentioned officials with conspiracy to commit wire fraud and aggravated identity theft for carrying out damaging malware assaults to disrupt and destabilize other countries and cause monetary damages. 

According to the indictment, GRU officers were involved in attacks on Ukraine, including the BlackEnergy and Industroyer malware-based attacks on the country's power grid in 2015 and 2016. The folks are accused of causing damage to protected computers, conspiring to commit computer fraud and abuse, wire fraud, conspiracy to commit wire fraud, and aggravated identity theft by the US Department of Justice. According to the US Department of State, the APT group's cyber actions resulted in roughly $1 billion in losses for US firms.

The Rewards of Justice has established a Tor website at "he5dybnt7sr6cm32xt77pazmtm65flqy6irivtflruqfc5ep7eiodiad[.]onion" as part of the project, which may be used to anonymously submit reports on these threat actors or to communicate the information using Signal, Telegram, or WhatsApp. 

Recently, the Sandworm collective was linked to Cyclops Blink, a sophisticated botnet malware that snagged internet-connected firewall devices and routers from WatchGuard and ASUS. Other recent hacking efforts linked to the gang include the use of an improved version of the Industroyer virus against high-voltage electrical substations in Ukraine amid Russia's continuing invasion.

CNIL Imposes a Fine of 1.5 million Euros Against Software Publisher Dedalus


The French Authority for Data Protection (CNIL) has imposed one of its highest General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”) sanctions to date against Dedalus Biologie SAS (“Dedalus”), an application software editor that sells and services solutions for use by medical laboratories. 

Following a colossal health data breach disclosed in the press concerning nearly 500,000 individuals in February last year, CNIL has fined the company Dedalus Biologie 1.5 million euros mainly for failure to comply with its data security obligation. 

CNIL Findings 

The amount of the fine was determined with regard to the seriousness of the breaches, especially taking into account the fact that health personal data had been disclosed. CNIL found Dedalus Biologie to be in breach of Article 28(3) of the GDPR, given that the contractual documents concluded between Dedalus Biologie and its customers did not provide the information stipulated under the aforementioned provision. 

As part of the migration of data from one tool to another, as requested by two laboratories using the services of Dedalus Biologie, CNIL found that the latter extracted a larger volume of data than required including health personal data (e.g., health issues, infertility etc.)., and therefore processed data beyond the instructions given by the data controllers, in breach of Article 29 of the GDPR. 

Additionally, CNIL discovered a breach of the obligation to ensure the security of personal data (art 32 GDPR), due to technical breaches, such as: 

• lack of specific procedure for data migration operations; 
• lack of encryption of personal data stored on the problematic server; 
• absence of automatic deletion of data after migration to the other software; 
• lack of authentication required to access the public area of the server; 
• use of user accounts shared between several employees on the private zone of the server; and 
• absence of supervision procedure and security alert escalation on the server. 

To counter data breaches in the future, Dedalus Biologie asserted its willingness to attain the highest level of security and GDPR compliance, by strengthening its IT infrastructures, enhancing its internal and external procedures, and appointing additional DPO and IT information services managers.

Quantum Ransomware was Detected in Several Network Attacks


Quantum ransomware, originally spotted in August 2021, has been found carrying out fast attacks which expand quickly, leaving defenders with little time to react. The assault began with the installation of an IcedID payload on a user endpoint, followed by the launch of Quantum ransomware 3 hours and 44 minutes later. It was identified by DFIR Report researchers as one of the fastest ransomware attacks it had ever seen. IcedID and ISO files have recently been utilized in other attacks, as these files are great for getting past email security safeguards.

According to Mandiant's M-Trends 2022 study, the threat actors began encrypting the victim's data only 29 hours after the first breach in a Ryuk ransomware assault in October 2020. The median global dwell period for ransomware is around 5 days. However, once the ransomware has been installed, the data of the victim may be encrypted in minutes. According to a recent analysis from Splunk, ransomware encrypts data in an average of 43 minutes, with the fastest encryption time being less than 6 minutes. 

The IcedID payload was stored within an ISO image which was presumably distributed by email in the examined Quantum ransomware outbreak. The malware was disguised as a "document" file, which was an LNK file designed to run a DLL (IcedID). Several discovery activities were run when the DLL was executed, utilizing various built-in Windows functions, and a scheduled job was constructed to ensure persistence. 

Cobalt Strike was installed into the victim system about two hours after the first breach, allowing the attackers to begin 'hands-on-keyboard' behavior. The fraudsters then began network reconnaissance, which included identifying each host in the environment as well as the active directory structure of the target organization. After releasing the memory of LSASS, the intruders were able to steal Windows domain credentials and spread laterally via the network. 

Cobalt Strike was also used by the attackers to collect credentials and test them for remote WMI detection tasks. The credentials enabled the adversary to log in to a target server through the remote desktop protocol (RDP), from which they attempted to distribute Cobalt Strike Beacon. The malicious actors then used RDP to access other servers in the system, where they prepared to deliver Quantum ransomware per each host. Threat actors eventually used WMI and PsExec to deliver the Quantum ransomware payload and encrypt devices via WMI and PsExec. 

The Quantum Locker ransomware is a rebranded version of the MountLocker malware, which first appeared in September 2020. Since then, the ransomware gang has gone by several names, including AstroLocker, XingLocker, and Quantum Locker, which is now in its current phase. 

While the DFIR report claims since no data exfiltration activity was detected in the assault they investigated, researchers claim the ransom demands for this gang fluctuate based on the victim, with some attacks seeking $150,000 in exchange for a decryptor. Quantum Locker, unlike its prior versions, is not a highly active operation, with only a few attacks per month.

Cybercriminals Impersonate Government Employees to Spread IRS Tax Frauds


At end of the 2021 IRS income tax return deadline in the United States, cybercriminals were leveraging advanced tactics in their phishing kits, which in turn granted them a high delivery success rate of spoofed e-mails with malicious attachments. 

On April 18th, 2022, a notable campaign was detected which invested phishing e-mails imitating the IRS, and in particular one of the industry vendors who provide services to government agencies which include e-mailing, Cybercriminals chose specific seasons when taxpayers are all busy with taxes and holiday preparations, which is why one should be extra cautious at these times.

The impersonated IT services vendor is widely employed by key federal agencies, including the Department of Homeland Security, as well as various state and local government websites in the United States. The detected phishing e-mail alerted victims about outstanding IRS payments, which should be paid via PayPal, and included an HTML attachment which looked like an electronic invoice. Notably, the e-mail has no URLs and was delivered to the victim's mailbox without being tagged as spam. The e-mail was delivered through many "hops" based on the inspected headers, predominantly using network hosts and domains registered in the United States.

It is worth mentioning that none of the affected hosts had previously been 'blacklisted,' nor had any evidence of bad IP or anomalous domain reputation at the time of identification. The bogus IRS invoice's HTML attachment contains JS-based obfuscation code. Further investigation revealed embedded scenarios which detected the victim's IP (using the GEO2IP module, which was placed on a third-party WEB-site), most likely to choose targets or filter by region. 

After the user views the HTML link, the phishing script shall prompt the user to enter personal credentials, impersonating the Office 365 authentication process with an interactive form.

The phishing-kit checks access to the victim's e-mail account through IMAP protocol once the user enters personal credentials. The actors were utilizing the "supportmicrohere[.]com" domain relying on the de-obfuscated JS content. 

Threat actors most likely tried to imitate Microsoft Technical Support and deceive users by utilizing a domain with similar spelling. The script intercepts the user's credentials and sends them to the server using a POST request. Login and password are sent to the jbdelmarket[.]com script through HTTP POST. A series of scripts to examine the IP address of the victim is hosted on the domain jbdelmarket[.]com. The phishing e-header emails include multiple domain names with SPF and DKIM records. 

A Return-Path field in the phishing e-mail was set as another e-mail controlled by the attackers which gather data about e-mails that were not sent properly. The Return-Path specifies how and where rejected emails will be processed, and it is used to process bounces from emails.

In 2021, the UK Government was Plagued by Hundreds of Spam Emails


The UK government was reportedly bombarded with billions of phishing emails last year, with large numbers of questionable and fraudulent links being clicked on by staff. Comparitech recently published a report on these fraudulent emails and got responses in the sort of freedom of information requests from 260 government agencies. 

According to Comparitech, 764,331 government employees got a total of 2.7 billion fraudulent emails, averaging 2,399 per employee. However, this indicates that the emails were most likely flagged as malicious and prohibited by the relevant government agency. 

In 2021, personnel opened 0.32 percent of malicious emails on average, with 0.67 percent of these events resulting in employees clicking on potentially dangerous links, as per research. According to Comparitech, this might suggest some UK government employees clicked on 57,736 questionable links last year. The firm reiterated whether any FOI responses have been unclear - were ignored to avoid overestimating this amount. 

357 million fraudulent emails were received by NHS Digital's 3,996 employees, amounting to 89,353 mails per employee. Other essential infrastructure services, such as railway supplier Network Rail Limited, received 223 million malicious emails, or 5,033 emails per employee, while tax authority HM Revenue & Customs received 27.9 million spam emails, or 415 emails per employee. 

In other cases, the researchers' attempts to better grasp the government's ransomware threat were hampered by respondents' lack of transparency. "One government department reported in 2021 it had identified 97 data theft over just 30 days. Seventy-one government agencies were also glad to announce why they had not been hit by ransomware in 2021 the remaining 187 didn't say whether or not they had. In 2021, only two government agencies disclosed it had been the victims of a successful ransomware attack," said Paul Bischoff of Comparitech.

42M+ People's Financial Data Compromised in UK


According to a press release from international law firm RPC, a growing number of ransomware attacks has resulted in the disclosure of financial data pertaining to about 42.2 million persons in the United Kingdom. 

“The surprisingly high number of people whose financial data was impacted in the last year shows how cyber-attacks have become endemic,” said RPC partner Richard Breavington. “Hackers are continually refining their methods, employing ever more complex techniques to extort money in whatever way they can. Some businesses, fearing the potential reputational costs, not to mention other consequences, decide that they will take the last-ditch approach of paying the ransom demands. As a result, these attacks have become very lucrative for cybercriminals.” 

Cyberattacks are spreading at an alarming rate, notably in the United Kingdom. In the years 2019-2020, 2.2 million people's data was stolen, compared to 42.2 million in the years 2021-2022, a startling increase of over 1,700% in just three years. One of the possible explanations for this increase in risking residents' sensitive information was pointed to as an increase in data in general. The cybercriminal network will then sell the information in a marketplace and perhaps hold financial institutions for ransom if the data has been corrupted by malware or ransomware. 

Breavington explains in the release that “criminal gangs are doing this because their blackmail threats over encryption alone are becoming less effective as businesses get better at backing up their systems. But hackers have honed their tactics and added this additional form of blackmail.” 

As a result of many firms finding it easier to just pay the ransom to attackers, several hacking groups have increased the number of attacks they carry out in a short period of time. As we saw earlier this month, ransomware and cyber threat groups will occasionally get access to a company's system and examine its inner workings for a period of time before launching an attack. 

“Before carrying out an attack, hackers are increasingly carrying out reconnaissance to scope out protections that are in place, as well as data held by the company,” Breavington said. “Businesses should not be making their jobs easier by signposting this information.” 

Many people are losing faith in firms' ability to keep their financial information secure as the number of hacks rises. As a result, many firms must recognise that it is their job to strengthen security layers, maintain a 24/7 approach to cybersecurity and online threats, and regularly self-audit their processes to ensure that they are doing everything necessary to reclaim that lost confidence.

Security Breach Impacting 2.5 Million Users Revealed by Mortgage Servicer


In October, Lakeview Loan Servicing revealed a significant data breach that went unnoticed for more than a month and exposed the personal details of above 2 million customers. Any incident that leads to unauthorized access to data, applications, networks, or devices is referred to as a security breach. As a result, information is accessed without permission. It usually happens when an invader can get past security measures. 

The breach that was discovered in early December, harmed 2,537,261 borrowers between Oct. 27, 2021, and Dec. 7, 2021, as per the firm. According to public notice The letters, an unauthorized person gained access to the firm's servers and data, including names, addresses, loan information, and Social Security numbers. One of the notices described the occurrence as an "external system breach."

Mortgage servicers receive mortgage payments from homeowners and remit them to investors, tax officials, and insurers via escrow accounts. Investors' assets in mortgaged properties are also protected by servicers, who ensure the homeowners have enough insurance coverage. Customers have lodged eight class-action lawsuits in a Florida federal court since the servicer's revelation in mid-March, alleging Lakeview of breach of fiduciary responsibility, among other things, for failing to preserve personally identifiable information. In a complaint filed on behalf of Jennifer Morrill, a California client, Daniel Rosenthal, an advocate with DBR Law, P.A., said, "This PII was exposed due to Defendant's negligent, reckless, and willful acts and failures and the fails to secure the PII of Plaintiff and Class Members." 

According to Morrill's lawsuit, the sum at risk surpasses $5 million, and the proposed class has more than 100 members. In Morrill's case, a filing on Friday asks that the court cases be consolidated, pending a judge's consent. On Monday, Rosenthal declined to speak on the lawsuit. Lakeview refused to respond to the claims in a statement but said it contacted the proper third parties and people after discovering the incident. "Lakeview, like many other firms, encountered a security incident in 2021," according to the statement. "Steps were taken to contain the problem right once, law enforcement was alerted, and a forensic investigation firm conducted a comprehensive investigation." The operations of Lakeview were not hampered." 

According to a public document with the State Attorney General's Office made by an outside counsel for the firm, the servicer didn't witness a breach in the previous 12 months. Affected consumers received a free year of Kroll free credit and identity theft protection from Lakeview. The news comes amid an increase in fraud risk for mortgage lenders, who are more vulnerable to cyber attacks than other financial institutions. According to a new FundingShield Q1 2022 study, one out of every three transactions involves components of wire or title fraud risk, and wire errors and instances of perpetuated fraud are increased in about 6% of transactions. 

"Keep in mind," warned Ike Suri, chairman, and CEO of FundingShield, a loan and title fraud protection service. "And when it comes to these percentages, we're talking big figures." As per Security experts, the percentage of visitors affected by the Lakeview breach, as well as the volume of information exposed, was substantial. "It's a lot of data which will have repercussions on those people's current business and ongoing relationships, as well as the business itself," Suri said.

The operating assets to a mortgage loan are owned by Lakeview. They work with several Servicing companies to process payments, manage a trust, as well as provide customer support for their current mortgage. 

CitySprint Confirms Security Breach, Personal Data of Drivers May be Compromised


CitySprint, a same-day delivery company, has issued a warning to couriers after discovering a data breach that may have given hackers access to sensitive personal information. A security issue was confirmed in an email sent to hundreds of drivers on April 7th. 

Self-employed drivers transport items across the UK for CitySprint, which was recently acquired by package delivery behemoth DPD Group. These drivers provide personal information to CitySprint using the company's iFleet interface, which includes photos of their driver's licence, car shots, and weekly earnings data. The delivery company claims that it shut down the iFleet system and restricted access to it as soon as it became aware of "the incident." 

CitySprint currently claims that it has no confirmation that personal data has been accessed, but it does not rule out the possibility. For the time being, the business's investigations are ongoing, and it has deployed forensic cybersecurity professionals to completely and comprehensively examine the event and analyse what data, if any, has been exposed. 

It states, “Our security checks, which are not quite complete yet have shown that so far, no personal data was compromised. The remaining checks will confirm if any of your data may have been affected. Therefore, as a precautionary measure, we have informed the Information Commissioner’s Office of the incident.” 

CitySprint claims it takes personal data protection "very seriously" and is investigating IT working processes across the company. Some drivers are clearly dissatisfied with the way the company handles their personal information. 

CitySprint includes several pieces of advice in its email for drivers on what to do if their personal information is compromised online. Change their passwords to something strong and unique, enable two-factor authentication on accounts that provide it, and consider signing up for an identity theft protection service. 

On 13th April, CitySprint offered the following statement, “We recently detected an apparent malicious attempt by a third party to access confidential data from our courier management platform. As soon as this issue was discovered, we took immediate steps to close off external access to this and launched a full and thorough investigation, led by independent cybersecurity experts. 

Now that this investigation has concluded, we are pleased to confirm that we believe that no personal data has been compromised. This incident has been reported to the proper authorities and we are in contact with couriers who contract with us about this as a matter of precaution.”